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25 Cards in this Set

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Branch of biology that groups & names organisms based on studies of their shared characteristics.
Taxonomy
Grouping of objects or information based on similarities
Classification
List the levels of classification in order from broad to specific.

HINT:

King Philip Came Over For Green Soup
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
Who created the taxa that are included in the levels of organization?
Carolus Linnaeus
What else did Carlous Linnaaeus create to name organisms?
Binominal nomenclature
How many parts to binomial nomenclature?

What are the two parts?
Two Parts

Genus and Specific Epithet
What language is the scientific name written in?
Latin
What is the first part of the scientific name and how must it be written? The Second Part?
1st Part - Genus - The first letter of the genus name is uppercase.

2nd Part - Specific Epithet is written in lower case.
What is the diagram called that shows the branching structure to compare taxa?
Phylogenic Diagram
How many kingdoms are there?
Name them in order from least complex to most complex.
Six Kingdoms
Kingdom Archaebacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria
Kingdom Protista
Kingdom Fungi
Kingdom Plantae
Kingdom Animalia
Which kingdom(s) is/are prokaryotic
Archaebacteria and Eubacteria
What does prokaryotic mean?
No Membrane, Bound Nucleus
Where can archaebacteria be found?
Extreme Environments, Harsh environments.
Where can Eubacteria be found?
Common Environment, everywhere.
Mushrooms and yeast are an example of what kingdom?
Fungi
Algae is classified in which kingdom?
Protista
Which kingdom(s) has/have cell walls?
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protist, Fungi - Chitin
Plants - Cellulose
Which cell walls are made of cellulose
Plant
Plants do not have phylum, what do they have instead?
Division
What many cells are protist made of?

Multicellular or Unicellular or Both
BOTH
If two organisms have the sam order, what else is the same?
Kingdom, phylum, class
Which taxa is most specific
species
What is dichotomous key?

What is it used for?
A tool used to identify organisms based on physical characteristics.
How many options are present in each "clue" in a dichotomous key?
2 options
Write a scientific name correctly for humans.
Homo Sapiens