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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who was the commander of the Continental Army?
George Washington
Required the king to renounce certain rights, respect legal procedures and accept that the will of the king could be bound by law?
Magna Carta (1215)
William (husband) and Mary, daughter of King James were placed on the British crown by Parliment signed this document that guaranteed certain basic rights to all citizens?
English Bill of Rights (1689)
Laws directed the flow of goods between England and the colonies?
Navigation Acts
Power baed on wealth. Rulers tried to increase wealth through the development of trade to acquire gold and silver.
Merchants became wealty and nations became rivals.
Exchange of plants, animals, and diseases created change on both sides of Alantic?
Colombian Exchange
The search for a passage through the America's to Asia.
Henry Hudson was not successful in finding a route to Asia through Hudson Bay.
Northwest Passage
SIr Walter's Raleigh's attempt to colonize Roanoke Island in America.
The settlement disappeared after a delay to return doomed the colonists.
Roanoke (1590)
The right to organize settlements in an area, from King James I. Connecticut and Rhode Island electing governors and governing themselves.
Investors bought stock, or part ownership, for a profit share.
Joint Stock Company
A colony in which the owner, or proprietor, owned all the land and controlled the goverment. Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.
Propritary colony
Georgia, Massachusetts, New York are ruled by Britain.
Royal Colony
The right to vote.
English subject that negotiated passage from England to the Colonies by working for the employer for a number of years (whole families came over this way).
Indentured servants
First colony 1620
Plymouth, Massachusetts
Royal colony-last colony 1732
First successful English settlementled by Capt. John Smith.
Daughter of Chief Powhatan, wife of John Rolfe tobacco grower.
Native Americans who befriended the colonists.
Squanto and Samoset
Dissatisfied with Massachusetts founded Hartford adopting plan of goverment called Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
Thomas Hooker
Questioned religious authority of Puritans banned to Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson
German priest who opposed polices of Ramon Catholic Church. This protest led to the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther
King of England leader of Anglican Church.
King Henry VIII
Protestants who wanted to leave England and Religious persecution.
Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church
Leader of the pilgrimage to the Americas. Who landed at Plymouth, Massachusettes.
William Bradford
Pilgrims drew up this document pledging loyalty to England forming a "civil body politic for order and preservation."
Mayflower Compact
First written constitution in Amercas
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Puritans journeyed to Plymouth, Massachusetts to escape religious persecution in England.
Great Migration of 1630's
Puritan who led Parliamentary forces to defeat King Charles I. He then served as Protector until death.
Oliver Cromwell
Dutch West India Company established trade in this location in Americal that was purchased from Manhates for beads and goods.
New Amsterdam and Manhattan Island 1624,
British forces sent by King Charles II took New Amsterdam. King gave settlement to brother Duke who renamed settlement?
New York
Quaker: Led this religious group who did not follow church ritual claiming instead each person has an inner light to guide them.
William Penn leader of Pacifist Quakers in Pennsylvania.
Emanating from a dispute between the Penn family and Calvert family who hired these astronomers to set border between Maryland and Pennsylvania.
Mason & Dixon Line
Maryland law which allowed Protestants and Catholics the right to worship freely.
Act of Tolerance
Person who led rebellion attacking Native American villages to take their land and the marched on Jamestown and burned it down. Least to Western expansion.
Nathanial Bacon
This English Political Philosopher believed, "every man has a property in his own person...nobody has the right to the labour of his boday and work of his hands, we may say, are properly his..."
John Locke
This French explorer claimed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico for the Sun King Louis XIV of France.
Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle
In this Trade Route one leg brought sugar & molasses W. Indies to New England colonies where converted into rum. Where sent to W. Africa and traded for slaves which were sent back to West Indies.
Triangular Trade
The part of the Triangular Trade route where slaves were sent to the West Indies.
Middle Passage
1765 British Parliament passed this law in an effort to raise money. Placing a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies. This Act was repealed in 1777.
Stamp Act
1764 The Act lowered the tax on molasses to encourage colonists to pay a duty (tax) on foreign molasses the Brits broughts in and to stop smuggling molasses.
Sugar Act
This person was killed in the Boston Massacre causing the spread of negative propaganda against the Brits. Boycotts ensued.
Crispus Attucks
Facing ruin the East India Co. got Parliament to pass this act giving them the right to ship tea without pay the tax on tea making it cheaper for colonists.
Tea Act
Samuel Adams and Boston Sons of Liberty threw tea overboard in an acto of defiance of King George III.
Boston Tea Party
1774 King George III and the Parliament passed these Acts to punish the people of Massachusettes. Closing the harbor until the colonists paid for the tea destroyed and forcing colonists to quarter soldiers.
Intolerable Acts 1774
Patrick Henry forced this legislative body of governement to lay taxes on citizens and to stop Stamp ACt
House of Burgesses
Parliament forced out King James and placed Mary, his daughter as well as William, her husband on throne. Showing Parliamentary Power.
Glorious Revolution 1688
These laws directed the flow of goods between England and the colonies. Preventing colonists from selling to other countries.
Navigation Act
A religious revival or rebirth, which led to church going and concern for religious salvation.
Great Awakening 1730-1740
A movement in the colonies spreading the idea that knowledge, reason and science could improve society.
Enlightenment 1750's
British sought lucrative fur trade in Ohio Valley that was controlled by the French with Native American help.
British/ French Rivalry
War breaks out between England and France with colonists fighting the first battles over the Ohio river Valley, lucrative fur trade. George Washington was sent to expel the French in the valley.
French and Indian War of 1754
Britain declares war on France and the war involves Spain where battles are fought in Cuba, W. Indies and the Phillipines
Seven Years War
(same as French Indian War except fought in other places,not colonies.)
Secretary of State, then Prime Minister of England who ran expenses up by making England pay for all supplies of the F&I War. The cost was later placed on colonists.
William Pitt
France lost all power in North America (French/Indian War). Leaving Great Britain and Spain to control North America.
Treaty of Paris 1763 France lost French Indian War/Seven Years War.
Colonist revolutionist who challenged the STamp Act. Helped write Declaration of Independence. Second President.
John Adams
Patriot and Son of Liberty who called for actionb against Britains's policy of taxation without representation
Samuel Adams
This tax was placed on imported goods e.g., glass,tea,paper and lead goods colonists did not produce.
Townshend Act 1767
Charles Townshend's plan to pay for French Indian War (Seven Years War)
Americans who chose to remain faithful to the King and country of Britain.
Americans who fought for independence from Britain.
Who was the King of Great Britain during the American Revolution?
King George III
These patriotic men of the colonies were organized as militias to fight the British
Minute Men
First Battle of the American Revolution
Battle of Lexington/Concorde
Early in the revolution this battle was a moral victory for the Continental Army despite the loss British suffered heavy losses.
Battle of Bunker Hill
This group of female patriots united against the the British imposition of the Tea Act.
Daughters of Liberty
Commander of military forces sent to battle French In Ohio River Valley during French & Indian War.
George Washington
Patriot and author of Declaration of Independence
Declaring colonists protests against Intolerable Acts.
Thomas Jefferson.