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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Fast Cruise
240 KIAS / Clean
Power as required (~80%)
Normal Cruise
200 KIAS / Clean
Power as required (~54%)
Slow Cruise
150 KIAS / Clean
Power as required (~33%)
Normal Climb
180 KIAS / Clean
Max Power, 100% (8 deg Nose High)
En Route Descent
200 KIAS / Clean
Power 20% (Pitch 5 deg Nose Low)
Downwind Configuration, or
No-Flap Approach Configuration
120 KIAS / Gear Down, Flaps Up
Power as required (~31%) / 4 deg Nose High
Takeoff Flap Approach Configuration
115 KIAS / Gear Down, Flaps TO
Power as required (~34%) / 3 deg Nose High
Landing Flap Approach
Configuration
110 KIAS / Gear Down, Flaps LDG
Power as required (~50%) / 1 deg Nose High
Climb to Cruise Transition

Basic Transition
1. 200 feet prior to level-off, begin lowering nose toward the level flight attitude.

2. Trim for acceleration

3. Five knots prior to desired cruise airspeed
Power - Smoothly reduce to normal cruise

Attitude - Set level flight picture

Trim as neccessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered (coordinated flight)
Cruise to Climb Transition

Basic Transition
1. Power - Smoothly advance power to max

2. Attitude - raise the nose to 12-15 deg nose high (nose attitude slightly above the 180 knot climbing attitude)

3. Trim as required and commence clearing turns as appropriate.

4. As airspeed decreases to 180 KIAS, lower nose slightly to the normal climbing attitude, 8 deg nose high.

5. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check balance ball centered.
Cruise to Descent Transition

Basic Transition
1. Power - Smoothly reduce to 20%

2. Attitude - Lower nose to the en route descent nose attitude (~5 deg nose low).

3. Trim for power reduction and commence clearing turns as appropriate.

4. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Descent to Cruise Transition

Basic Transition
1. Passing 100 feet prior to level-off altitude, simultaneously.
Power - Advance to Normal cruise ~54% (fast cruise, 80%)
Attitude - Raise the nose to level flight picture.
Trim - Right and down for power addition

2. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Turn Pattern Procedure
1. Establish the aircraft in level flight on a cardinal heading in the normal cruise (200 KIAS) or slow cruise (150 KIAS) configuration at the instructor's discretion.

2. Initiate a 15 deg AOB turn for 30 deg of heading change and then reverse turn back to the base heading using 15 deb AOB in the opposite direction. Adjust nose attitude to maintain level flight, and increase power as required to maintain airspeed.

3. Initiate a 30 deg AOB turn for 90 deg of heading change and the nreverse turn back to the base heading using 30 deg AOB in the opposite direction. Adjust nose attitude to maintain level flight, and increase power as required to maintain airspeed.

4. Initiate a 45 deg AOB turn for 180 deg of heading change, and then reverse turn back to the base heading using 45 deg AOB in the opposite direction. Adjust nose attitude to maintain level flight and increase power as required to maintain airspeed.

5. Roll out on the original heading. Maintain forward stick pressure to prevent the aircraft from ballooning and trim nose down, as required.

6. Reduce power to the normal/slow cruise power setting. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Level Speed Change Procedures
1. Establish the aircraft in the normal cruise configuration on an numbered heading.

2. Reduce the power to idle. Trim for deceleration. When airspeed below 150 KIAS, lower landing gear handle.

3. As airspeed approaches 120 KIAS, adjust power to ~31% to maintain 120 KIAS.

4. Stabilize aircraft in the downwind configuration. Trim off control pressures.

5. Lower landing flaps. As airspeed approaches 110 KIAS, advance power ~50% and stabilize in the landing flap approach configurtation.

6. Complete the Before Landing Checklist.

7. Advance power to maximum, check airspeed belower 150 KIAS, and raise the gear and flaps up. Trim for acceleration.

8. Accelerate to normal cruise. As airspeed approaches 200 KIAs, reduce power to ~54%.

9. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from te flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Power-Off Stall Procedures
1. Establish the aircraft in the normal cruise configuration.

2. Perform the Pre-Stalling, Spinning and Aerobatic checks.

3. Reduce power to 4 to 6% torque and begin decelerating towards best glide speed.

4. While develerating, commence a level clearing turn of 180 deg using 45 deg AOB. Assertively trim nose up for the deceleration.

5. As airspeed approaches 125 KIAS, lower nose to the 125 knot glide attitude (approximately horizon bisecting windscreen) and stabilize the glide. Retrim.

6. Smoothly raise the nose to level 8 to 10 deg nose high. Smoothly increase back stick pressure to hold this nose attitude until the first indication of an impending stall.

7. Recover by relaxing back stick pressure, lowering the nose to "slightly below" the 125 KIAS glide attitude. Check wings level and hold this nose attitude, allowing airspeed to increase towards 125 KIAS.

8. Re-establish 125 KIAS glide. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressure from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Approach Turn Stall Procedure
1. Establish the aircraft in the downwind configuration (gear down, 120 KiAS power ~31%

2. Perform the Pre-Stalling,
spinning, and aerobatic checks and the Before Landing Checklist

3. Begin a 30 deg AOB clearing turn for approximatel 180 deg of heading change (or two 90 deg turns). Roll out and stabilize the aircraft at 120 KIAS, level flight (simulating downwind leg).

4. Simulate the transition at the abeam position. Reduce power to 15%, lower flaps to the TO position (set airspeed at 115), trim, and initiate a descending 30 deg AOB simulated approach turn in the direction of the last 90 deg clearing turn. Report of the ICS "Gear down, flaps down, checklist complete."

5. Once stabilized at 115 KIAS in the simulated approach turn, raise the nose to 5 to 10 degree nose high and then reduce the power back to idle. Adjust ailerons to maintain AOB between 30 and 45 dev, and increase back stick pressure to hold the pitch attitude.

6. At the first indication of a stall, whether stick shaker or airframe stall buffet, recover utilizing the "MAX RELAX LEVEL BALL method.

7. Establish a positive climb, as verified by the altimeter and the VSI. Once verified, state over the ICS "Aircraft climbing." Continue shallow climb and adjust the nose to accelerate out of the stick shaker, as required. Crosscheck AOA gauge for less than 18 units.

8. Accelerate to and establish a 115 knot climb. Level off at the next 500 feet MSL interval. Reduce power to 34% and maintain level flight at 115 KIAs.

9. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check balance ball centered.
Steady state Erect Spin Cockpit Indications
1. 18 units AOA (stalled AOA)

2. Airspeed 120-135 KIAS

3. Turn needle fully deflected in the direction of the spin.

4. 2-3 seconds per turn

5. 400-500 feet per turn
Spin Procedures
1. Establish the aircraft in the slow cruise configuration (150 KIA, power ~33%).
2. Perform the Pre stalling, spinning and aerobatic checks.
3. Begain a 45 deg AOB clearing turn for approximately 180 deg of heading change (or two 90 deg turns).
4. Roll out of the clearing turn and reduce power to idle. Referencing the EADI, check wings level and reaise the nose to approximately 20 to 30 deg nose high.
5. At the stick shaker, begin very slowly feeding in rudder in the desired direction of spin (same direction as the last clearing turn). Increase back stick pressure to hold pitch attitude.
6. At the stall (recognize by visible drop or uncommanded roll), smoothly increase to full rudder in the desired direction of spin while applying full aft stick (ailerons neutral). Maintain these sin control inputs.
7. As the aircraft enteres the incipient spin phase, over the IC, begin continuously calling out: Altitude, AOA, Airspeed, Turn needle deflection and direction.
8. Upon reaching steady state (as verified by spin indications) or 12500 MSL, initiate the recovery by first applying full rudder opposite the turn needle. Position control stick forward of neutral (ailerons neutral).
9. Hold recovery inputs until rotation stops, then momentarily neutralize the flight controls.
10. Revoer from the nose low attitude by checking wings level and initiating a straight pull to the horizon (avoid secondary stalls and do not exceed aircraft G limits).
11. Check and verbalize oil press and then smoothly advance PCL to the desired power setting.
12. Retrim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance ball centered.
Wing Tip Distances
3/4 - Where blue meets white on the wing leading edge

2/3 - Fuel cap

1/4 - Where the canopy rail visually bisects the wing.