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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Microvascular retinopathy with "cotton wool" spots on retina; Kaposi's sarcoma of eyelids and conjunctiva; keratitis; herpes zoster; uveitis; candida chorioretinitis; molluscum contagiosum of eyelids; CMV retinitis
Light fundus background (choroidal vessels seen easily with ophthalmoscope as pigment epithelium is unpigmented; nystagmus; poor vision (high refractive errors and poor macular development); pink-blue iris (iris transilluminates).
Melanin deposits in sclera (at 9 and 3 o'cclock positions and around the cornea).
Weakness of extraocular muscles; vitreous opacities; pupillary abnormalities; amyloid nodules in lids and conjunctiva.
Conjunctiva appears pale; retinal hemorrhages and exudates.
Ankylosing spondylitis
Uveitis; scleritis; scleromalacia perforans (thinning of sclera with exposure of uveal tissue).
Atopid dermatitis
Cataracts; keratoconus.
Bahcet's syndrome
Crohn's disease
Cystic fibrosis
papilledema; retinal hemorrhages
Deposits of cystine crystals in cornea and conjunctiva.
Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease (congenital)
Chorioretinitis, cataracts.
Extraocular muscle palsies; lid edema; scleritis; uveitis, retinal exudates.
Diabetes Mellitis
Extraocular muscle palsies; Xanthelamae; retinal microaneurysms; hemorrhages; exudatea and neovascularization of the retina; cataracts; rubeosis iridis (neovascularization of the iris); glaucoma.
Down's Syndrome
Upa-and-out obliquity to the lids; Brushfield's spots (white spekling of iris); cataacts; myopia; strabismus.
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
blue sclera; strabismus; epicanthal folds.
Friedrich's ataxia
Nystagmus; strabisumus; retinitis pigmentosa.
Periorbital edema; Hypertensive retinopathy.
Episcleritis, uveitis; deposistion of uric acid crystals in cornea.
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendue disease)
Telangiectasias of conjunctiva and retina.
Herpes Zoster
Dermatitis along ophthalmic branch o fcranial nerve 5; uveitis; keratitis.
Chorioretinital scars, retinal hemorrhage.
Dislocated lens.
Xanthelasmae, arcus juvenilis, lipemia retinalis (milky retinal vessels secondary to excessive lipids in the blood).
Band keratopahty (grey-white band, containing calcium deposits, exteding horizontally across the cornea); optic atrophy.
Proptosis, lid retraction; infrequent blinking (staring); lid lag on downgaze; weakness of upward gaze; poor convergence; diplopia; corneal erosions (from poor lid closure); papilledema; papillitis.
Cataracts; papilledema; optic neuritis.
Hypothyroidism (Congenital cretinism)
Strabismus; farsightedness; cataracts; swollen lids with marow slits between lids; wide set eyes; retrobulbar neuritis; optic atraophy; loss of outer half of eyebrows.
Impending Stroke
Amaurosis fugax (transient blindness from intermittent vascular compromise in arteriosclerotic disease) Hollenhorst plaques (glistening emboli seen at branch points of retinal arterioles).
Kernicterus (erythroblastosis fetalis)
Strabismus, nystagmus, retinal hemorrhage
Lead Poisoning
Papilledema; optic atrophy
Lupus Erythematosis
Retinal hemorrhages; cotton wool exudates; papilledema; lid lesions similar to lesions elsewhere; episcleritis; keratitis; uveitis; nystagmus; extraocular muscle palsies; cataracts.
Venous occlusion (engorged retinal veins iwht hemorrhages and exudates); papilledema.
Marchesani's syndrome
Dislocated lens.
Throbbing eye pain; transient visual compromise (e.g. flashing lights, waves, hemianopia); miotic (small) pupil (sympathetic axon compromise with carotid artery wall edema).
Corneal clouding.
Multiple Sclerosis
Retrobulbar neuritis; optic atrophy; internuclear ophthalmoplegia; strabismus.
Myasthenia Gravis
Ptosis; extraocular muscle paresis.
Lid and orbital tumors; optic gliomas.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Blue scleraa (chroid shows through thin sclera).
Polyarteritis Nodosa
Episcleritis; conreal ulcers, uveitis; retinal hemorrhages and exudates; papilledema; hypertensive retinopathy; arteriolar occlusion.
Markedely dialated retinal veins; papilledema.
Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
Angioid streaks (reddish bands radiating from disc region, resembling blood vessels; probably represent defects in the choroidal membrane (Bruch's membrane) just outside the pigment epithelium. Also found in Paget's disease of the bone and sickle cell disease).
Radiation Exposure
Cataracts; retinopathy.
Reiter's Syndrome
Triad of arteritis, urethriis, and uveitis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Uveitis; band keratopathy; scleromalacia perforans (degeneration and thinning of anerior sclera iwht bulging out o f underlying bluish choroid).
Riley-Day Syndrome (familial dysautonomia)
Decreased tear produciton; decreased corneal sensation with subsequent exposure keratitis.
Blepharitis; conunctivitis; deratitis; episcleritis.
Rubella (congenital)
Cataracts; microphthalmia; cloudy corneas; uveitis; pigmentary retinopathy.
Uveitis; whitish perivenous infiltrates in retina; band keratopathy.
Sickle cell anemia
Retinal hemorrhages, exudates, microaneurysms, neovascularization (vascular and hemorrhagic changes are worse in the sickle C than in Sicle S disease); papilledema; angioid streaks.
Sjogren's Syndrome
Dry eyes; corneal erosions.
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Purulent conjunctivitis with scarring of conjunctiva and cornea.
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
Conjunctival and retinal hemorrhages; Roth spots (retinal hemorrhages with white centers).
Sturge-Weber Disease
Congenital glaucoma on side of facial nevus.
Interstitial keratitis (Inflammation, edema, and vascular infiltration of the cornea, particularly the conreal periphery); uveitis; optic neuritis; cataracts; chorioretiniits; lens silocation; Argyll-Robertson pupil.
Tay-Sachs Disease
Cherry red spot (cloudiness of retinal except in fova region).
Temporal Arteritis
Transient or permanent loss of vision from vasculitis affecting the optic nerve.
Hypertensive retinopathy.
Inflammation of extraocular muscles
Uveitis; chorioretinitis
Tuberous Sclerosis
Retinal tumors.
Ulcerative Colitis
Uveitis (Also found in Crohn's disease)
Vitamin A deficiency
Night blindness; xerophthalmia (drying of cornea and conjunctiva)
Thiamine Defidiency (beriberi)
Optic neuritis; extraocular muscle weakness.
Niacin deficiency (pellagra)
optic neuritis.
Riboflavin deficiency
photophobia; inflammation of conjunctiva and cornea
Vitamin C deficiency (scurvy)
Hemorrhages within and outside the eye
Vitamin D deficiency
Cataracts; papilledema (as in hypoparathyroidism)
Von Hipple-Lindau Disease
Retinal hemangiomas.
Wilm's Tumor
Aniridia (absence of iris)
Wilson's disease
Copper deposits in Descemet's membrane in the peripheral cornea (Kayser-Fleisher ring) and in the lens (copper cataracts)