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128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CPU Min Requirements
233MHZ
recomend 300
Sup[port dual processor
RAM
64 MB MIN
128 MB recommended
4gb max supported
DISK SPACE
1.5GB OF AVAILABALE SPACE
VIDEO CARD
SVGA (800X600)
CD-ROM
MOUSE AND KEYBOARD
HCL MEANS
Hardware Compatiability List
XP INSTALLATION
1. STARTING SET UP
2.text-base stage of setup
3.F6-ADDING DRIVERS
4EUL AGREEMENT F8
XP PARTITION
NTFS
FAT
FATS32
HOW TO MANUALLY SET XP PROFFESSION
USING WINNT.EXE OR WINNT32.EXE
Parameter
/checkupgradeonly
Checks your computer for upgrade compatibility with Windows XP. You can save the results in a file, upgrade.txt in the system root by default
/cmd:command_line
Instructs Setup to carry out a specific command before the final phase of Setup. This would occur after your computer has restarted and after Setup has collected the necessary configuration information, but before Setup is complete.
/cmdcons
Adds the Recovery Console to the startup options. This option can only be used when Windows XP is already installed.
/copydir:{i386|I64}\FolderName
Creates an additional folder within the folder in which the Windows XP files are installed.
/copysource:FolderName
Creates a temporary additional folder within the folder in which the Windows XP files are installed and is deleted after Setup completes.
/debug[Level]:[FileName]
Creates a debug log at the level specified, for example, /debug4:InstDbg.log. The default log file is C:\systemroot\Winnt32.log, and the default debug level is 2. Level 0 represents severe errors, 1 errors, 2 warnings, 3 information, and 4 detailed information for debugging.
/dudisable
dynamic update disable
/duprepare:pathname
dynamic update : and path of the file
/m:FolderName
Instructs Setup to look for installation files in this alternate location first, instead of using the files from the default location.
/makelocalsource
Specifies the source location of the Windows XP files
/syspart:DriveLetter
Copies Setup startup files to the hard disk and marks the disk as active. This disk can then be installed into another computer. When you start that computer, it automatically starts with the next phase of Setup. You must always use the /tempdrive parameter with the /syspart parameter. You can start Winnt32 with the /syspart option on an x86-based computer running Windows NT 4.0, 2000,
/syspart:DriveLetter
Copies Setup startup files to the hard disk and marks the disk as active. This disk can then be installed into another computer. When you start that computer, it automatically starts with the next phase of Setup. You must always use the /tempdrive parameter with the /syspart parameter. You can start Winnt32 with the /syspart option on an x86-based computer running Windows NT 4.0, 2000, or XP.
/tempdrive:DriveLetter
Specifies an answer file for unattended installations, discussed in detail below in "unattended installations"
Num is the number of seconds between the time that Setup finishes copying the files and when it restarts your computer
/unattend
"unattended installation"
/udf:id [,UDB_file]
Specifies an UDB file for unattended installations
Winnt.exe
Performs an installation of Windows XP. If your hardware is compatible with Windows XP, you can run winnt.exe at a Windows 3.x or MS-DOS command prompt.
/s:SourcePath
Specifies the source location of the Windows XP files. The location must be a full path of the form x:\[Path] or \\server\share[\Path].
/t:TempDrive
Directs Setup to place temporary files on the specified drive and to install Windows XP on that drive. If you do not specify a location, Setup attempts to locate a drive for you.
/u:answer file
Winnt /u: answer file /s: source path where NT is being installed on an non-NT machine. or. Winnt32 /u: answer file /s: source path where NT is being installed on an existing NT machine
/udf:ID [,UDB_file]
How to install Windows from the I386 folder
udf: id [, UDB_file ] Indicates an identifier ( id ) that Setup uses to specify how a Uniqueness Database (UDB) file modifies an answer file (see /u
/r:folder
Specifies an optional folder to be installed. The folder remains after Setup finishes.
/rx:folder
Specifies an optional folder to be copied. The folder is deleted after Setup finishes.
Setup Wizard
the first stage of the installation completed, the computer reboots and the GUI portion, known as the Setup Wizard, will start. This will prompt you for regional settings to customize keyboard, language, and locale settings. Information such as your name and organization, the Computer name, Administrator password and time and date is also entered during this stage.
Installing Network components
includes detecting the network interface card. You must also choose to join a Domain or Workgroup during this stage. Typically the following components are installed:
- Client for Microsoft Networks
- File and Print Sharing for Microsoft Networks
- Qos Packet Scheduler
- TCP/IP protocol suite.
Completing the installation
final stage Setup copies the remaining files, configures the computer, saves the settings, removes temporary installation files, and restarts the computer.
UNATTANTED INSTALLATIONS
Unattended means Setup will not require any user input during the installation, although in practice this is not always the case. But it allows you to install multiple computers without actually sitting in front of them.
Setup Manager
Setup Manager (setupmgr.exe) can be used primarily to create or modify answer to create answer files for Sysprep and RIS installations files
DEPLOY.CAB file
located in the \Support\Tools folder on the XP installation CD.
TYPE OF UNATTENDED INSTALLATION
Provide Defaults
Fully Automated
Read Only
GUI Attended
System Preparation Tool
The System Preparation Tool (sysprep.exe) is used to assist in performing a large deployment of Windows XP on clients with identical hardware configurations.
Parameter Purpose
pnp force Plug and Play enumeration on next restart
Parameter Purpose
quiet
run in Silent mode, with no dialog boxes
Parameter Purpose
nosidgen
do not regenerate security ID on restart (this is useful for creating a backup image of a client)
Parameter Purpose
reboot
automatically restart when the Sysprep.exe tool is finished
Parameter Purpose
mini
Configures Windows XP Professional to use Mini-Setup instead of Windows Welcome. This option has no effect on Windows XP Home Edition, where the first-run experience is always Windows Welcome. This switch also forces SysPrep to recognize the Sysprep.inf file.
Remote Installation Services (RIS)
This service allows you to push automate remote installations of Windows 2000 Professional and Windows XP Professional clients
network to be able to install RIS and perform remote installations.
Network in which clients are installed needs:
- a DHCP server
- Active Directory
- a DNS server
Target clients:FOR AN RIS INSTALLATION
Besides enough available disk space for Windows XP and temporary installation files the target clients must have a Network Interface Card equipped with PXE Boot Rom version .99c or greater. If Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) is not supported use rbfg.exe (located in the \remoteinstall\admin\i386 folder on the Windows 2000 RIS server) to create a remote boot floppy.
Users
The user used to perform RIS installations needs the right Create Computer Objects in Active Directory
UPGRADING TO WINDOWS XP
Windows 98, ME, NT 4 Workstation, 2000 Professional can be directly upgraded to Windows XP Professional. If you want to upgrade from Windows 95 you need to upgrade to Windows 98 first, and if you want to upgrade from Windows NT 3.x you need to upgrade to Windows NT 4 first
target machine meets the minimum system requirements
Run winnt32.exe with the /checkupgrade only parameter to check if the target machine meets the minimum system requirements
ways to address problems with applications that do not run properly after the upgrade:
Reinstall the applications after the upgrade.
- Use migration dynamic-link libraries (DLLs)
- Run the application in Compatibility Mode by right-clicking the application, selecting Properties, and then clicking the Compatibility tab.
MIGRATING USER ENVIRONMENTS
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
User State Management Tool (USMT)
POST-INSTALLATION UPDATES
SERVICE PACKS
ACTIVATING WINDOWS XP
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
This tool allows users who with a new computer to migrate their own files and settings by using a direct cable connection or the network and without the support of an admin
User State Management Tool (USMT
The User State Management Tool (USMT) provides the same functionality as the wizard, but on a large scale, targeted at migrating multiple users.
POST-INSTALLATION UPDATES
If you are performing an upgrade to Windows XP Professional on a computer with Internet connectivity, you can have setup uses Dynamic Update to check online for newer versions of the installation files. Instead of using the Internet for each installation, you can also place the updated files on a share in the network
/dudisable
Prevents Dynamic Update from running and will disable Dynamic Update even if you use an answer file and specify Dynamic Update options in that file. Setup will only use the original Setup files
/duprepare:pathname
Prepares an installation share so that it can be used with Dynamic Update files that you downloaded from the Windows Update Web site. This share can then be used for installing Windows XP for multiple clients.
/dushare:pathname
Specifies a share on which you previously downloaded Dynamic Update files (updated files for use with Setup) from the Windows Update Web site, and on which you previously ran /duprepare:pathname. When used on a client, it specifies that the client installation will make use of the updated files on the share specified in pathname.
SERVICE PACKS
A service pack can be installed by using the command:
update.exe
ACTIVATING WINDOWS XP
To activate Windows from the command-prompt type: C:\WINDOWS\system32\oobe>msoobe /a
ACTIVATING WINDOWS XP
activate your copy of Windows online within 30 days you don't you won't be able to use it any longer. An Installation ID is created based on a hardware ID (based on several hardware components) and a Product ID (based on the Product Key) and is send to Microsoft. Replacing several hardware devices might require re-activation.
Media errors
Check/clean the CD-ROM drive and the installation CD.
Dependency service fails to start
This is almost always network related
SCSI disk not detected
Install the drivers by pressing F6 during the text mode portion of setup.
log files
Windows Setup creates several log files during the installation
SETUPACT.LOG
SETUPERR.LOG
SETUPACT.LOG
Keeps a record of all actions performed during setup.
SETUPERR.LOG
Keeps a record of errors that occurred during setup and their severity. The information in this file will be displayed at the end of setup if any errors occurred.
%windir%\COMSETUP.LOG
COM+ components
%windir%\SETUPAPI.LOG
Keeps a record of each processed line from an .inf file and related errors.
%windir%\debug\NETSETUP.LOG
Logs the process of joining a domain or workgroup.
FAT FILE SYSTEMS
Disks formatted with the FAT file system can be accessed by MS-DOS, all versions of Windows, and OS/2. The maximum supported volume size is 4 GB, the maximum file size is 2 GB. This file system should only be used on removable media such as floppy disks and hard disks smaller than 512 MB.
FAT32
FAT32, is often used in multi-boot situations with operating systems that do not support NTFS. Disks formatted with the FAT32 file system are supported by Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 98 and ME, Windows 2000, and Windows XP. Windows NT 4 and earlier cannot access FAT32 volumes. The maximum supported volume size for FAT32 is 2 TB, but Windows XP can format up to 32 GB only. The maximum file size is 4 GB. The minimum size for a FAT32 volume is 512 MB. You cannot format removable media such as floppy disks with FAT32.
NTFS
File and folder permissions - (discussed below)
- File and folder compression - (discussed below)
- Encrypted File System (EFS) - (see EFS TechNotes)
- Disk Quotas - Allows quotas to be assigned to users for disk space usages per volume. Quotas are only available on NTFS volumes and can be enabled and configured on the Quota tab on a volume's Properties sheet.
CDFS
This is the file system used on compact discs. You cannot format regular disks with this file system.
Converting File Systems
convert FAT file systems to NTFS using the following command: convert c: /fs:ntfs
NTFS Compression
NTFS Compression allows compression of individual files and folders, as well as entire NTFS drives.
Compressed (zipped) Folders
These are ZIP files that can be used like regular folders, with some limitations and some advantages.
NTFS FILE PERMISSIONS
read, write, read and execute,modify, and full control
Read
Allows user read files and list the contents of folders, subfolders and volumes, including the attributes, permissions and ownership of the files
Write
Allows the same as Read and additionally allows the user to modify and create files and (sub-)folders as well as changing attributes.
Read and Execute
Allows the same as Read and additionally allows users to run applications.
Modify
Same as Read plus Write and and additionally allows executing applications as well.
Full Control
Allows everything permitted by the other permissions and and additionally a user with Full Control can change permissions and take ownership of file.
SHARED FOLDERS & PERMISSIONS
is a folder or entire volume that is published on the network and can be remotely accessed by other users.
Share permissions
read ,change, and full control
Windows XP creates several hidden administrative shares:
Admin$,Print$,c$,D$,....
Offline Files
Offline Folder allows user to cache the contents of a share and make it available offline, so they can access the files and some programs, even when they are not connected to the network.
Manual caching of documents
This is the the default setting when you enable caching. Users will be able to manually select the files they want to make available offline
Automatic caching of documents
Each file that is opened from this share will automatically be copied to the Offline Files folder.
Automatic caching of programs and documents
This setting allows caching of files that are read-only such as program files.
A print device
is the physical printer. This printing device can be connected directly to the print server using a serial, parallel or IR connection for example. A print device can also be a network printer with a built-in or external network interface.
Install and connect to a print device
The Add Printer wizard allows you to create printers for the following print devices:
Local print
directly attached to a serial, parallel, USB, FireWire, IR, or SCSI port on the computer. USB, FireWire and Infra Red connected printers can usually be installed using plug & play, hence without restarting the computer.
Remote print devices
directly connected to the network. These are equipped with either a built-in network interface, or attached to an external network adapter. The most typical examples are printers with a HP JetDirect card or Intel Netport.
Remote print devices connected to a remote print server.
These are typically printers shared on a Windows server.
Add Printer wizard
Only members of the Administrators are allowed to install Local printers.
Printing and IIS
When IIS is installed on the Windows print server, i.e. a Windows XP Professional print 'server', the print server and the connected printers can be managed from any client by using a web browser.
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP),
which allows clients to print to an URL instead of an UNC path. The URL is http://servername/printers/sharename/.printer.
Clients running Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 and later with IPP printing support can print to the Internet printers
Manage print jobs
Users with Print permissions are able to manage their own print jobs, and user with Manage Documents permissions are able to manage all print jobs.
printer's queue
Pause - This will pause the print job, which will remain in the queue.
Resume - This will resume a paused print job.
Restart - This will restart a print job from the first page. This is especially useful when a mechanical problem occurred, i.e. the print out got stuck in the print device.
Cancel - This will cancel a print job and remove it from the queue. Any data already send to the print device will be printed.
DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT

User Profiles
User Profile is a collection of files and folders that stores settings related to the desktop environment, application settings, and user data. A profile is created when the user logs on for the first time.
default, user profiles in Windows XP are stored in
the \%systemroot%\Documents and Settings folder. The Documents and Settings folder contains a folder for every user that logged on to this machine. Examples of information stored in these user profiles are:
Change Type button
a local or Roaming profile.
Local Profile
Local profiles are stored on the local hard disk.
Roaming profile.
are used to allow users to logon to different computers and still have the same desktop environment and settings.
Multiple-Language and Location Support
Languages are configured by using the Regional and Language Options control panel applet
Regional options tab
allows you to configure specific number, time, date and currency formats per language. This tab also allows you to configure a location:
Windows Installer Packages
Windows Installer packages (.msi) have been introduced to make installing new applications more efficient and convenient. Applications installed by using an .msi file installs only files and folders that are minimally required to run the application
Windows Installer
is a service on the local computer. It is configured to start manually, but will automatically start when an .msi is run. The Installer service cooperates with MSIEXEC.EXE, which is the program that interprets the package, and performs the installation
failed installations
.msi files can be retrieved from the Application log in the Event Viewer.
Publish
packages to Users, this will make the application available for the user to install thru the Add or Remove Programs control panel applet or when a file associated with the application is opened.
Assign
packages to Users, this will make the application available in the start menu on every computer the user logs on to and will be installed when the user starts it or when a file associated with the application i
Assign packages to Computers
this will force the application to be installed on the computer, typically at startup, regardless of the user account.
Windows XP Backup
also provides the option to backup to a file, which then can be written to removable storage such as a CD, DVD, or a network share.
volume shadow copy
This allows a point-in-time copy of an entire volume including all open files such as system files and open databases.
Windows XP Backup can be started from the Start Menu
by clicking Backup in All Programs|Accessories|System Tools.
Backup or Restore Wizard
starts by default
Backup Utility.
has a Welcome tab with three buttons to start an advanced Backup Wizard, an advanced Restore Wizard, or the Automated System Recovery (ASR) Wizard. The tasks performed by these wizards will be explained in the following paragraphs
Backup tab
Backup Utility allows you to create and schedule backup jobs. Select the files and folders you want to back up, and on the bottom left, select the backup destination and provide a name for the media or file.
start the backup
the Start Backup button on the right bottom of the Backup tab. The Backup Job Information dialog box will appear
Remote Storage backs
backs up data that has been designated for Remote Storage.
Normal/Full
Backs up every selected file, regardless of the archive attribute setting, and clears the archive attribute.
Copy
Backs up every selected file, regardless of the archive attribute setting. Does not clear the archive attribute.
Daily
Backs up every selected file that has changed that day, regardless of the archive attribute setting. Does not clear the archive attribute
Incremental
Backs up only those files created or changed since the last normal or incremental backup, and clears the archive attribute. This method is used in combination with a periodic full backup. For example, a Normal/Full backup on Mondays and an incremental backup on the remaining days of the week. In case of a restore, you will need the last normal backup as well as all incremental backups since the last normal backup.
Differential
Backs up only those files created or changed since the last normal or incremental backup, but does not clear the archive attribute. This method is also used in combination with a periodic full backup. For example, a Normal/Full backup on Mondays and a differential backup on the remaining days of the week. In case of a restore, you will need the last normal backup and the last differential backup.
Restore and Manage Media of the Backup Utility allows
Backup Utility allows you to restore backups and manage backup media. The latter includes formatting, erasing, and naming tapes as well as maintaining catalogs.
Restore the Cluster Registry
Restore the Cluster Registry to the quorum disk and all other nodes ensures that the cluster database is replicated to all nodes in a server cluster.
Preserve existing volume mount points
prevents any volume mount points you have created on the partition or volume prior to the restore from being overwritten. Disable this option if you want to restore the volume mount points from backup.