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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allusion
An indirect or passing reference to an event, person, place or artistic work that the author assumes the reader will understand
Anachronism
Ane vent, object, custom, person or thing that is out of its natural order of time.
Analogy
A comparison of similar things, often to explain something unfamiliar with something familiar
Aphorism
A teerse statement of a principal or truth; a maxim
Apostrophe
A rhetorical device in which the person address a dead or absent person, or an inanimate object or abstraction
Cliche
An expression that has been used so often it has lost its freshness
Ephigram
A terse, witty, pointed saying
Euphemism
The substitution of a mild term for one more offensive or hurtful
Figurative language
Languge that contains figures of speech such as metaphor simile, personification, ect
Hyperbole
Exaggeration for the sake of emphasis in a figure of speech not meant litereally
Kenning
A metaphoric compound word or phrase used as a synonym for a common noun
Litotes
A figure of speech by which an affirmation is made indirectly by saying its opposite, usually with an effect of understatement
Malapropism
The comic substitution of one word for another similar in sound, but quite different in meaning
Metaphor
the most important and widespread figure of speech in which one thing, idea, or action is referred to by a word or expression normally denoting another thing, idea, or action, so as to suggest some common quality shared by the two
Extended Metaphor
An idea sustained throughout the work
Dead Metaphor
One taht has been used so much it has lost its figurative meaning and is taken literally
Mixed Metaphor
A combination of two or more inconsistent metaphors ina single expression
Metonymy
A figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea.
Onomatopoeia
the use of words that seem to imitate the sounds they refer to
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which 2 contradictory terms are combined in a single expression
Personification
The technique by which animals, abstract ideas, or inanimate objects are referred to as if they were human
Proverb
A short saying that expresses some commonplace truth or bit of folk wisdom
Pun
A form of wit involving a play on a word with two or more meanings
Simile
A less direct metaphor
Syllogism
TWo premise and a conclusion
Synaestheia
a despriction of one kind of sensation in terms of another
Synecdoche
Figure of speech utilizes a part as representative of the whole
Tautology
repetition of an idea
Understatement
Verbal irony in whcih something is purposely represented as being far less important than it actually is
Anaphora
The regular repetition of the same word or phrase
Anastrophe
Rhetorical term for the inversion of the normal order of the parts of a sentence
Antecedent
Word to which a pronoun refers
Antithesis
Figure of speech in whichj opposing or contrasting ideas are balenced against each other using a grammtically parallel syntax
Asyndenton
Conjunctions are omitted, producing a face-paced and rapid prose
Chaismus
First clause or phrase is reversed in the second
Clause
Words w/ subject, verb
Gerund
Noun formed from a verb
Imperative
Command
Inversion
Reverse SVC
Loose sentence
A car bent over him just as he tied his shoelace
Paradox
Self-Contradictory
Periodic sentences
Main idea last
Olysndenton
Opposite of asndeton
Rhetorical question
no answer needed