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40 Cards in this Set

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Normal systolic blood pressure for dog or cat?
110-160 mmHg
goals of anesthesia
relax skeletal muscles
reduce prtective reflexes
amnesia
analgesia
unarousable sleep
There are 5
Pressure manometer on an. machine should not exceed
15-20 cm of water
Ketamine is metabolized by cats in
Kidneys
Ketamine metabolized by dogs in
Liver
why are pre-anesthetic agents used?
sedate
relieve pain pre-op
reduce amount of an needed
decrease salivation
decrease gastric motility
provide smooth recovery
effects of acepromazine
block dopamine receptors
potent antiemetic
some skeletal relaxation
depress thermoregulation center
decrease seizure threshold
can drop BP
can cause hypotension and tachycardia
delay gastric emptying
prolapse nictationg membrane
penis protrusion
Effects of Diazapam
Calms
reduces fear and anxiety
skeletal muscle relaxation
reversable
little to no sedation
variable responses
Effects of Xylazine
sedation
muscle relaxation
analgesia
reversable
decreased cardio function
decreased resp function
emesis in cats
can cause aggressive dogs to b/c more aggressive
Effects of Domitor
Analgesia
longer sedation
reversable
severe bradycardia
dysrhythmias
Class of drugs Xylazine and Domitor are in
Alpha 2 Agonist
Reversal for Xylazine
Yohimbine
Reversal for Domitor
Atipamezole
Signs of narcotic analgesics overdose
salivation
temors
seizures
pinpoint pupils
extreme resp depression
extreme bradycardia
Brand name for oxymorphone
Numorphan
How is apomorphine given
Conjunctival sac
Class butorphanol is in
mixed agonist/antagonist drug
another name for butorphanol
Torbugesic
part of body that metabolized short acting oxybarbiturates
liver
part of body that metabolizes ultra-short acting thiobarbiturates
fat
how long to ultra-short acting thiobarbiturates usually last?
5-10 minutes
respiratory effects of barbiturates
severe resp. depression
apnea after IV admin
coughing
laryngospasm
What type of animals should barbiturates by avoided on?
thin animals and sight hounds
Can Ketamine be given IM?
NO
What can happen if you give a dog ketamine IM?
seizures
What 2 drugs are telazol?
zolazapam
tiletemine
Which nervous system can be stimulated from intubation?
parasympathetic
resp jerky, widely dialated pupils, no reflexes, eyes fixed
Stage III, Plane IV
Stage/Plane
Vocalizations, paddling, dilated pupils, central eye position or nystagmus
Stage II
Stage/Plane
Shallow resp, rate of 12 RPM, eyes rotated ventrally, no palpebral reflex
Stage III, Plane II
Stage/Plane
Paralysis of resp & Cardiac centers in brain, dialated pupils, eyes central, no reflexes or resp.
Stage IV
Stage/Plane
Regular resp, all reflexes present, eyes are central
Stage III, Plane I
Stage/Plane - NOT stage I
Minimum Stage/Plane for Sx
Stage III, Plane II
Prolonges CRT can indicate what?
Hypotension or shock
White MM indicate?
Severe shock, anemia, blood loss
Blue MM indicate?
Cyanosis
Yellow MM indicate?
Liver Dz
Where else can CRT be checked?
Tongue, buccal mm, conjuctiva, mm of prepuce or vulva
lowest acceptable resp. rate for anesthetized animal?
8 rpm
how often should you bag a patient?
every 5 minutes