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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following is not a commune appellation in the Médoc?
Fleurie
The process by which sugars are broken down by the grapevine and used as energy is called:
Respiration
Which of the following Prädikat levels may be vinified dry?
Auslese
What is Leaf Roll?
A virus that attacks the grape vine
Which of the following AVAs is located in Sonoma County?
Alexander Valley
Who is the man responsible for creating the “Balanced Vine” theory?
Richard Smart
Humans are most sensitive to which taste?
Bitter
hich of the following wine regions is located in New Zealand?
Canterbury
What is the most aldehydic wine in the world?
Sherry
How many different grape varieties are allowed in Châteauneuf-du-Pape?
13
Where is Monthelie located?
Côte de Beaune
Which of the following Italian wine regions is located furthest north?
Latium
At what point does the vine usually produce its first commercial crop?
In its third year
Which of the following is not a subregion of the Chianti DOCG?
Collio Goriziano
The correct term for dead yeast cells and other solids precipitated during fermentation and aging in casks is:
Lees
Wine is mostly comprised of
water
What chemical compound is responsible for the smell of garlic or onions in a wine?
Mercaptans
Where is the wine region of Mendoza located?
Argentina
Australia’s place of origin system is known by
GI's
A high acid white with aromas of peach, honeysuckle, apricot and slate is most probably
Riesling
Which of the following wine regions is located in the state of South Australia?
Barossa Valley, Coonawarra, and Padthaway
Which of the following is not one of the subregions of Rioja?
Rioja Classico
The primary alcohol in wine is:
Ethanol
Which of the following is not a sweet white wine?
Bourgeuil
Most German vineyards are located near rivers or lakes primarily because:
The water moderates the climate and helps ripen the grapes.
Which of the following is not one of the crus of Beaujolais?
Montagny
Which of the following wine regions is located in South Africa?
Stellenbosch
The smallest amount of residual sugar that 50 percent of the population can recognize in a wine (the average recognition threshold) is:
1.0 percent
Which of the following steps is not normally performed in white wine production?
Skin contact
What is the only French AOC that is allowed to designate its wines by varietal?
Alsace
Which of the following sugars is not found in grapes?
Sucrose
What are the four categories of place of origin for quality wine in Germany, in order from largest to smallest?
Anbaugebiet, Bereich, Grosslage, Einzellage
Most of the vineyard acreage in Argentina is located:
In the west in the foothills of the Andes
Which of the following appellations does not produce red wine?
St.-Peray
The longest-aged and highest-quality grade of Marsala is:
Vergine Stravecchio Riserva
What are the two primary white grapes in Bordeaux?
Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc
Which of the following AVAs has the hottest climate?
Paso Robles
What are the three acids found in grapes?
Citric, tartaric, malic
Which of the following wines is least likely to smell “corked”?
A wine with a screw cap
Which of the following is not a reason SO2 is added to grape must?
To break down cellulose and speed up fermentation and color extraction
Which of the following is one of the levels of the Portuguese quality pyramid?
Vinho regional
In addition to Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, the third authorized grape variety for Champagne production is:
Pinot Meunier
The most widely planted white and red grapes in the state of Washington are:
Chardonnay and Merlot
Which of the following lists Austrian Prädikatswein levels in increasing order by must weight?
Spätlese, Beerenauslese, Ausbruch, Trockenbeerenauslese
What is the liqueur de tirage?
A blend of yeast and sugar
How much wine is in a jeroboam?
Four bottles
Which of the following grape varieties is not grown in Burgundy?
Melon de Bourgogne
Edelfäule is:
Noble rot
The “black wines” of Cahors are made from:
Malbec
Emilia-Romagna is known best for which wine product?
Lambrusco
Which of the following is located in the South of France?
Minervois
Legs or tears on the inside of the glass after swirling a dry wine indicate:
High alcohol
What are the three principle grape varieties in Spanish sparkling wine?
Xarel-lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Sherry from Jerez de la Frontera:
Is always dry when fortified but may be bottled dry or sweet
DNA typing has determined that the ancestor to U. S. Zinfandel is a grape known as
Crljenak
Which of the following is not in Sonoma County?
Anderson Valley
Syrah is a cross between
Dureza and Mondeuse Blanche
What three grapes comprise Bardolino?
Corvina, Molinara, Rondinella
Which of the following shows the correct progression during the grapevine’s annual cycle?
Budbreak, flowering, berry set, veraison, harvest
What is a synonym for Chenin Blanc in South Africa?
steen
What is the most widely planted grape variety in New Zealand?
Chardonnay
What are the four levels of quality for wine in France, in order from highest to lowest?
AOC, VDQS, vin de pays, vin de table
Which of the following wine regions is located in Chile?
Rapel Valley
Name the wine and the corresponding region that is incorrectly paired.
Franciacorta; Friuli
ll of the following AVAs are in the South Coast AVA except:
Lodi
Catarratto, Grillo and Inzolia used to produce what fortified wine?
Marsala
In order to remove tartrates from a wine before bottling, a winemaker will
Cold stabilize
Carbonic maceration refers to
Whole berry fermentation
The Los Carneros AVA is best known for which varietal wine?
Pinot Noir
Which of the following grape varieties is not grown in Alsace?
Cabernet Franc
What is Cava?
The Spanish term for sparkling wine
A fat, buttery white wine with aromas of apple, vanilla, and caramel is most likely
Chardonnay
How many alcoholic fermentations does a sparkling wine undergo if it is made in the traditional method or classic method?
two
What is a solera?
A set of casks arranged in tiers representing one type of sherry from many different vintages
Which of the following has the least ability to retain water in the soil?
sand
A tannic, high acid red with aromas of roses and tar is most likely
Nebbiolo
What are phenolic compounds?
Pigments and tannins
When did Prohibition end in the USA?
1933
How many grape varieties can be used in the production of port?
More than 80
What wine is known as “The Barolo of the South”?
Taurasi
the Sierra Foothills of California is famous for what grape variety?
Zinfandel
Which of the following is a hybrid grape variety?
Seyval Blanc
All of the following places are associated with Port production and the Port trade except:
Sant Sadurní d’Anoia
In Bordeaux, Cabernet Sauvignon is most prevalent in:
The Médoc
How many grape varieties are allowed into the red Bordeaux blend?
5
How many aromas can humans be trained to identify?
1000
What chemical compound is responsible for a vinegar aroma found in wine?
Acetic Acid
Which county is not part of the North Coast super-AVA?
Amador
What is a colheita port?
A single-vintage tawny
Which of the following is not a significant soil nutrient required by grapevines?
oxygen
What German wine region is best known for its red wines?
Ahr
Which of the following has the highest alcohol content in the bottle?
Oloroso
Rémuage is the French term for:
Gently shaking sparkling wine bottles to collect the dead yeast cells in the neck of the bottle
If a U.S. wine bottle carries a vineyard designation, by law what minimum percentage of the wine in the bottle must hail from the named vineyard?
95%
What grape forms the backbone of the red blends of the Southern Rhone?
grenache
What is the name of the mountain range that separates Chile from Argentina?
the andes
The Central Valley of California is responsible for approximately what percentage of California’s total grape acreage?
55%
Which of the following acids is most prevalent in wine?
Tartaric
A high acid red with aromas of dried cherry, sun-baked earth and dried orange peel is most likely
Sangiovese
Sugar can be legally added to a must pre-fermentation in some wine regions in order to
Boost the final alcohol level of the finished wine