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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
criminal justice
The structure, functions, and processes of those agencies that deal with the management of crime. (police, court, and corrections)
The scientific study of the causes of crime, rates of crime, the punishment and rehab of offenders, and the prevention of crime.
"law and order"
Political ideology and slogan born in the 60's that sought a return to the morality and values of earlier times and rejected the growing tolerance in government and social affairs.
President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice
A series of task forces appointed by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson to study crime and justice in the US and to make recommendations for change.
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act
A piece of federal law & order legislation that was viewed by many as a political maneuver aimed at allaying fears of crime rather than bringing about reform. Created heated debate. Liberals feared that it was a move toward the establishment of a police state.
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)
Federal Bureaucracy created to involve the nat'l gov't in local crime control by supplying funds to the states for training and upgrading criminal justice agencies. Also the primary provision of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act. Initiated the first academic programs in criminal justice.
Warren Court & due process model
Model of the criminal justice system created under Chief Justice Earl Warren that stresses the possibility of error in the stages leading to trial and error and emphasizes the procedural rights over system efficiency.
Burger Court & crime control model
Model of the criminal justice system created under Chief Justice Warren Burger that views the repression of criminal conduct as it's most important function.
Systematic use of threat or extreme violence directed against actual or symbolic victims, usually for psychological rather than material effects, for the purpose of coercing individuals, groups, communities, or gov't into making political or tactical admission
natural law
General principles that determine right and wrong according to some higher power.
Conduct that people of a group consider so dangerous, embarassing, or irritating that they bring special sanctions to bear against the person who exhibits it.
Intentional act or omission in violation of criminal law, committed without defense or justification, and sanctioned by the state as a felony or misdemeanor.
Collaboration in a criminal purpose, must involve two or more people.