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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The symbol (gtt) means
drop
A cm is the metric unit equal to
1/100 of a meter
Intravenous fluids are measured in
mL
An inch equals
2.54 cm
How many milliliters are in 1 ounce
30
One gram equals
15 grains
The basic unit of weight in the apothecaries' system of weights and measures is the
grain
How many minims are there approximately in a cubic centimeter
30
The total volume in a 30 cc syringe is
1 ounce
Approximately how many milliliters are there in a pint
500 mL
Avitene is an
hemostatic agent
An absorbablee gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
Gelfoam
Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments (Collastat, Avitene, Helistat) EXCEPT:
Gelfoam
An anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
heparin
A drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
warfarin sodium
Keflin is a
antibiotic
A topical antibiotic is
Bacitracin
A broad spectrum prophylactic antibiotic is
Ancef
The most common diurectic is
Lasix
An osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is
mannitol
A systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
Pitocin
Steroids are used for
reduction of tissue inflammation and swelling
Solu-Medrol is an
anti-inflammatory
Tubal patency may be tested by the installation of what into the uterine cavity?
methylene blue
A dye used in eye surgery for diagnosis is
fluorescein
A drug used to lower intraocular pressure is
mannitol
Miochol is a
miotic
A drug used to constrict the pupil during intraocular lens (IOL) insertion as well as during cataract surgery is
Miochol
An artificial plasma-volume expander is
dextran
The drug utilized in an anaphylactic reaction is
adrenalin
An intravenous infusion that improves circulation, stimulates renal activity, and is a physiologic salt solution is
Ringer's lactate
The universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can be typed and crossmatched is
O
Normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
Isotonic
Morphine is used for
Pain
An anticholinergic drug given preoperatively to inhibit mucus secretion is
atropine
The last sensation to leave the patient during geveral anesthesia induction is
hearing
In which stage of anesthesia would anectine be mostly used
induction
Neuroleptanalgesia is the state resulting from the use of a combination of a
narcotic and tranquilizer
The method of inhalation anesthesia that allows complete rebreathing of expired gases is the
closed-method
The stage of anesthesia that begins with loss of consciousess is the
second
Anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
balanced anesthesia
A bolus is
a dose injected all at once, intravenously
All of the following are true of nitrous oxide (induces poor relaxation, is nonirritatin, is good for minor surgery) EXCEPT:
has a slow induction
Nitrous oxide would be cosidered an ideal anesthetic agent if it were
more potent
The most frequently used barbiturate for intraveous anesthesia is
Pentothal
Halothane is also called
Fluothane
A method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord, is called a
spinal block
The indication for an epidural would be
anorectal, vaginal, perineal, and obstetric procedure
An intravenous injection of a local anesthetic to an extremity below the level of a tourniquet is called a
Bier block
Pontocaine is
tetracaine HCI
A drug used frequently for regional blocks is
marcaine
The nerves first affected by local anesthesia are the
sensory
Another name for adrenalin is
epinephrine
A vasoconstrictor which, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
epinephrine
A common short-acting muscle relaxant is
Anective
A drug used to reverse hypotension is
Levophed
Demerol is a
narcotic
Allergies are treated with
antihistamines
A drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
Prostigmin
A drug used in the management of ventricular cardiac arrhythmias is
Lidocaine
A drug used to treat severe bradycardia in the presence of hypotension is
atropine sulfate