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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the likely organisms that cause soft tissue cellutitis and how do you treat?
Group A Strep
Staphylococcus

Treat with Nafcillin or oxacillin
What 2 drugs can be used to treat MRSA in soft tissue?
Vanco
Linezolid
What are some organisms that cause peritonitis and intaabdominal abscess
E.coli
B.fragilis
Name some organisms that cause necrotizing fasciitis
Mixed Strep/Staph
Mixed arobic/anerobic organisms
Clstridium
What is the usual organism that causes lymphangitis?
Staph Aureus
What is the most virulent cause of peritonitis?
Colonic perforation from either carcinoma or diverticular disease
Soft tissue crepitus, air bubbles in soft tissue, circumferential cellulitis indicate?
Necrotitis Fasciitis
What is the most common bacteria found in the GI and mouth?
B.fragilis
How do you treat anaerobes?
Metronidazole
Clindamycin
Imipenem
PCN/B-lactamase inhibitor
What is the virus of concern when treating transplant patients?
CMV
What drug interferes with growth plates?
FQ's - Cipro

Avoid in children and pregnancy
how long should the surgical scrub be?
5 min the first time
3 min subsequently
What drug is given prophylactically to cover for bacteroides if expected to enter the colon, distal ileum or appendectomy?
Cefotetan or Cefoxitin
What organisms cause superficial abscesses on the trunk, head and neck?
Staph A
Strep
What are the most likely cause of fever 1 day post-op?
Atelectasis
Anastomotic leak
Wound infection(GBHS, Clostridia)
What 3 agents can you use to treat MRSA?
Vanco
Zyvox- Linezolid
Synercid- Quinupristin & Dalfopristin
How do you treat an intraabdominal infection caused by enterococci?
Gentamycin in combo with Vanco or Ampicillin
What are some conditions that may cause intraabdominal abscesses?
Pyelonephritis
Appendicitis
Cholecystitis
Cancer
Name some organisms that cause intraabdominal abscesses
E.coli
B.fragilis
Clostridia