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47 Cards in this Set

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Trunk is erect, arms at the sides, palms forward, legs straight, & feet turned slightly outward
Anatomical Position
Anatomical direction: a structure that is higher than another structure.
Superior
Anatomical direction: A structure that is lower than another structure.
Inferior
Anatomical direction: A structure located in front of another structure.
Anterior
Anatomical direction: A structure that is behind another structure.
Posterior
Anatomical direction: A structure that is closer to the cardinal sagittal plane than another structure.
Medial
Anatomical direction: A structure that is further away from the cardinal sagittal plane than another structure.
Lateral
Anatomical direction: on the extremities, a structure that is closer to the beginning of the extremity than another structure.
Proximal
Anatomical direction: on the extremities, a structure that is further away from the beginning of the extremity than another structure.
Distal
Planar movement: sagittal plane, anterior-posterior, the angle formed at the joint decreases.
Flexion
Planar movement: sagittal plane, anterior-posterior, the angle formed at the joint increases.
Extension
Planar movement: frontal plane, a movement away from the mid-line.
Abduction
Planar movement: frontal plane, a movement towards the mid-line.
Adduction
Planar movement: transverse plane, a pivoting motion about the long axis of the body or a body segment
Rotation
Planar movement: any plane, a movement in which the joint represents a pivot & the distal segment moves in a circle.
Circumduction
How many bones are in the human body?
206
An obvious lump on a bone that serves as a site for muscle attachment.
Tuberosity
Tubercle
Process
A "notched out" area of bone that generally serves as a pathway for nerves or vessels
Notch
An obvious bone projection that is generally longer and thinner than a tuberosity.
Spine
A hollowed area of bone that may or may not be obvious when first considered. It may also refer to a hollow surface area on the body
Fossa
A hole that passes completely through a bone.
Foramen
The articular surfaces of the bone.
Condyles
The communication (junction) of 2 or more bones as they form a joint. The bones may or may not actually touch.
Articulation
Joint
The communicating surfaces of bones.
Articular Surface
Joint Surface
A hollow chamber surrounded by compact bone and contains marrow.
Medullary Cavity
The articulation of 2 or more connecting bones.
Joint
Synovial joint where movement occurs about one axis or within one plane, e.g. the knee.
Uniaxial Joint
Synovial joint that permits movement about 2 axes or within 2 planes, e.g. the wrist.
Biaxial Joints
Synovial Joint that permits movement about 3 axes or within 3 planes, e.g. the hip & shoulder.
Triaxial Joint
Joint involving sliding rather than rotating motion, e.g. bones of the wrist.
Nonaxial Joint
thin tissue surrounding most freely moving joints. Secretes fluid for lubrication.
Synovial Membrane
Tough fibrous sheet that surrounds many joints
Joint Capsule
The clavicle articulates with the _______ as well as the scapula.
breastbone
sternum
Most lateral portion of the scapula.
Acromium Process
Joint representing the articulation of the humerus & the glenoid fossa
Glenohumeral Joint
Upper: from spine of scapula up
Lower: from spine of scapula down
Upper & lower sections of the trapezius
Anterior projection of the scapula that can be felt in the hollow between the arm & chest.
Coracoid Process
About 2 inches lateral to the coracoid process, on the anterior arm. Rotate arm to feel it move.
Lesser Tuberosity
of the Humerus
Roughened area of bone found between the biceps & triceps
Deltoid Tuberosity
The articulation between the sternum & the clavicle.
Sternoclavicular Joint
SC Joint
The articulation between the acromion process and the clavicle.
Acromioclavicular Joint
AC Joint
Movement of the scapula toward the spine
Adduction of the Scapula
Movement of the Scapula away from the spine.
Abduction of the scapula
Superior movement of the Scapula.
Elevation of the Scapula
Inferior movement of the scapula
Depression of the Scapula
Movement around a sagittal axis that passes through the center of the scapula. Lateral angle of the scapula moves in a superior direction
Upward Rotation of the Scapula
In horizontal adduction the humerus is ______ the body.

In horizontal abduction the humerus is ______ the body
In front of

to the side of