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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Amicus curiae brief
The name for a brief filed with the court by someone who is not a party to the case.
friend of the court
appellate jurisdiction
The jurisdiction which a superior court has to bear appeals of causes which have been tried in inferior courts. It differs from original jurisdiction, which is the power to entertain suits instituted in the first instance.
habeas corpus
a judicial mandate to a prison official ordering that an inmate be brought to the court so it can be determined whether or not that person is imprisoned lawfully and whether or not he should be released from custody
writ of certiorari
a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
civil law
The body of laws of a state or nation dealing with the rights of private citizens.
criminal law
Law that deals with crimes and their punishments
bloc voting
pattern of voting for 2 or more justices
class action suit
A lawsuit brought by one party on behalf of a group of individuals all having the same grievance
constitutional court
court under Article III and answers constitutional questions
diversity cases
cases in which one person has against another state or region
fee shifting
If one brings a case and loses, that one person pays for the case
Dred Scott
was a lawsuit decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1857 and considered by many to be a key cause of the American Civil War and the later ratification of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments leading to the abolition of slavery and establishment of civil rights for freed slaves
A person engaged in a lawsuit
judicial activism
an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions
judicial review
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or
body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
political question doctrine
court decision saying that they wont decide and let congress or president decide
stare decisis
precedent; all before what has gone
solicitor general
2nd person at the command of justice department argues before the supreme court in defense of the United States
due process of law
you have all rights in a judicial trial steps we must take if they deprive you life liberty and property
Amendment 1
freedom of religion, speech and press, assembly and right to petition
amendment 4
no unreasonable search and seizure
amendment 5
written accusation by a grand jury, no double jeopardy, freedom from self incrimination, "Due Process", "just compensation" under "eminent domain"
Amendment 6
trials and the rights of the accussed:
no secret trials
court must inform accused
right of accused
speedy trial
Amendment 8
freedom from excessive bail, fines, unusual punishment
Amendment 10
Other powers are reserved to the states and to the people
People have all the power
they delgate some to fed government
and some to state governments
and what remains is left to themselves
amendment 13
Freedom from slavery in the U.s.
Amendment 14
"Due Process"
applies to state and local governments as well as fed, as far as infringing on the rights of individuals is concerned.
Equal protection-votes and privelidges the same regardless of anything.
Amendment 15
Right to vote regardless of race color previous condition of servitude or sex
amendment 17
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people for six years; each Senator has one vote.
amendment 19
women right to vote
amendment 24
the citizen who has not paid his taxes still has the power to votein any election
amendment 25
if president dies vice president takes over and makes another vice president
amendment 26
voting age lowered to 18