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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
THE STUDY OF COMPOUNDS CONTAINING CARBONS
INORANIC CHEMISTRY
IS EVERYTHING ELSE ON THE PERIODIC TABLE THAT DOES NOT CONTAIN CARBON
EXAMPLES OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
PLASTIC SYNTHETIC FIBERS, GASOLINE AND OIL PRODUCTS FOOD AND DRUGS ALL HAVE CARON IN IT AND OUR BODY
BIOCHEMISTRY
CHEMISTRY OF BIOLOGIC CHEMISTRY IS A BRANCH OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

BIOLOGY OF LIFE
WHY ARE THERE SO MANY ORGANIC CHEMICALS
CARBON IS A UNIQUE ELEMENT AND IT CAN STABLE BONDS WITH ITS SELF
CARBON CAN FORM WHAT KIND OF SHAPES
CHAINS
BRANCHES
RINGS
MOLECULAR FORMULA
SAME AS A CHEMICAL FORMULA THAT SHOWS 3 AND KINDS OF ATOM
FULL STRUCTURAL FORMULAS
SHOW ALL THE BONDS
CONDENSED STRUCTURAL FORMULAS
DOES NOT SHOW ALL THE BONDS BUT STILL SHOWS THE ARRANGEMENT
WHAT ARE HYDORCARBONS
ARE COMPONDS THAT CONTAIN ONLY HYDROGEN AND CARBON
4 CLASSES OF HYDROCARBONS
ALKANES
ALKENES
ALKYNES
ARENES
NAME SATURATED HYDROCARBONS
ALKANES
NAME UNDATURATED HYDROCARBONS
ALKENES
ALKYNES
ARENES
HYDROCARBON CONATAINNG ONLY SINGLE BONDS
ALKANES WHICH ARE SATURATED
BONDS IN ALKENES
1 DOUBLE BOND =
??? BONDS IN ALKYNES
HYDROCARBONS CONTAING AT LEAST 1 TRIPLE BOND
?????ARE AROMATICES CONTAIN BENZENE RINGS
ARENES
MADE UP OF ONLY SINGLE BONDS ALKANES
SATURATED HYDROCARBONS
MADE UP WITH ONE OR MORE MULTIPLE BONDS ALKENES, ALKYNES, ARENES
UNSTATURATED HYDROCARBONS
SIMPLEST TYPE OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
ALKANES
A HYDROCARBON THAT CONTAINS ONLY CARBON-CARBON SINGLE BONDS
SATURATED HYDROCARBON
ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBON
AN ALKANE
EACH CARBON ATOM FORM ________BONDS
FOUR
CARBON ATOME FORM WHAT KIND OF SHAPE
TETRAHEDRAL BECAUSE BOND ANGLES ARE 109.5
METHANE AND ETHANE FORM WHAT KIND OF SHAPE
TETRAHEDRAL
TETRAHEDRAL BONDS WANT
WHAT TO BE FAR AWAY FROM EACH OTHER AS POSSSIBLE
ALKANES END WITH_____
ANE
iF YOU HAVE A DOUBLE BOND FORMS WHAT KINDS OF SHAPE
TRIGONAL PLANAR GEOMETRY 120 ANGLE

FORMS LIKE A TRIANGLE
IF YOU HAVE A TRIPLE BOND FORMS WHAT KIND OF SHAPE
LINEAR
PRIMARY CARBON
(1)
IT IS ATTACHED TO ONE OTHER CARBON
SECONDARY CARBON
(2)
ATTACHED TO 2 CARBON
TERTIARY CARBON 3
(3)
ATTACHED TO 3 CARBONS
QUATRERRARY CARBON

(4)
ATTACHED TO 4 CARBONS
WHAT ARE ISOMERS
COMPOUNDS THAT HAVE SAME MOLECULAR NUMBER BUT DIFFERENT STRUCTURES AND DIFFERENT PROPERTIEES
ISOMERS
HAVE SAME MOLECULAR FORMULA AND SAME WEIGHT
NAMEING ALKANES
THE PARENT NAME OF AN ALKANE IS THE NAME OF THE LONGEST CARBON CHAIN

PROPYL AND ISOPROPYL ARE ISOMERS
WHAT IS THE PREDOMINANT TYPE OF BOND IN ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
COVALENT
WHAY ARE THERE SUCH A LARGE NUMBER OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
BECAUSE CARBON CAN FORM STABLE BONDS WITH THEM SELF
HOW MANY BONDS DOES CARBON FORM
4
BONDS NITROGEN
3
BONDS OXYGEN
2
BONDS HYDROGEN FORM
1
NAME FOUR HALOGENS AND HOW MANY BONDS DO THEY FORM
FLUORINE F
CHLORINE Cl
BROMINE Br
IODOINE I
WHERE DO WE OBTAIN ALKANES
NATURAL GAS
PETROLEUM
DEFINE ISOMER
ARE COMPOUNDES WITH THE SAME MOLECULAR FORMULAR BUT HAVE DIFFERENT STRUCTURES
COMPOUNDS THAT HAVE THE SAME MOLECULAR FORMULAS BUT HAVE THE SAME PROPERTIES
IDENTIICAL