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22 Cards in this Set

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factors affecting alcohol absorbtion (5)
1. Potentcy
2. Body weight (alcohol concentration=distribution per pound body weight)
3. Stomch contents (empty stomch vs alcohol absorbed by food)
4. rate of consumption
5. Tolerance (body's ability to process alcohol
potentcy of different alcoholic beverages
beer- 4-5%
wine- 12% [fortified wine (eg. sherry) 20%]
"distilled spirits": scotch, vodka, gim, rum, tequila - 40-50%

one 12oz beer= 4oz wine =1.5 oz liquor
effects blood alcohol level
memorize chart
tobacco directly linked to ____ deaths/day
1500
avg. cigarette contains:
400-2000 chemicals
50 carginogens
ecstassy
"X, E, Adam, Eve, Clarity, Lover's Speed"
Form: Most often found in tablet, capsule, or powder form. Can also be injected
Effects: High can last from 6-24 hours. At moderates doses, causes euphoria, enhanced mental or emotional clarity, anxiety, or paronoia
drawbacks: causes depression and fatigue; mild to extreme jaw clenching and dangerously high body temperature
ketamine
"Special K, K, Kotalar, Psychedelic Heroin"
Form: Most often found in liquid form or as a white powder that is snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products
Effects: Profound hallucinations and visual distortions, loss of sense and identity. Larger doses can produce a frightening experience called a "K hole" or a near-death experience
drawbacks: Can cause delerium, amnesia, impaired motor functions,high blood pressure, depression, recurrent flashbacks and potentially respiratory problems
*date rape drug
GHB
"Easy lay, Liquid X: Cherry meth; Grevious Bodily Harm"
Form: Most often sold as a slightly salty, clear, odorless liquid in small bottles
Effecs: Intoxication followed by deep sedation. Lasts one to three hours.
Drawbacks: Nausea, dellusions, depression, visual disturbances, seizures, loss of consciousness, amnesia and coma. Potential for overdose increases when combined with alcohol and other drugs
3 most common viral bacterial STDs
1. Chlamydia (bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis)
3-4 million new cases reported anually
2. Gonorrhea (bacterium Neisseria gonorrhocae)
400,000-500,000 new cases reported anually
3. Syphilis (bacterium Treponema palidum)
7500-10000 new cases reported anually
3 most common viral stds
1. Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) or Genital Warts
-most common STD 24 million Americans infected (10% of sexually active population and 30% of sexually active teens)
2. Genital Herpes Virus
>45 million Americans infected
3. Hepatitis (inflamation of the liver)
chlamydia
transmission: via vaginal intercourse
symptoms: can be latent, difficult urination, urethral discharge, tellowish vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, intermenstrual bleeding
consequences: pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), fallopiaan tube blockage/ scar tissue in vas defrens, spontaneous abortions
treatment: 7 day antibiotic (i.e. tetracycline, erythrornycin)
gonorrhea
transmission: via genital, oral-genital, anal-genital contact, can survive 8 hours on a wet toilet
symptoms: in 2-7 days, burning w/ urination, yellow/green discharge
10% of men are silent carriers; 80% of women are unaware until OB/GYN exam
consequences: sterility if untreated, PID etc.
treatement: antibiotics, although some strains are becomming resistant
syphilis
transmission: via sexual intercourse, kidding, body contact with external sores (chancres)
symptoms/consequences: progression of 4 stages (10-20 yrs) ends in brain/CNS/heart damage, blindness
treatment: antibiotics
Human Papilloma virus (HPV) or genital warts
transmission: via direct contact
symptoms: 1-8 months, small round elevations increasing in size and number, cauliflower-like growth
consequences: 90% of cervical, vaginal,and penile cancers
treatment: cauterization, freezing, laser, surgery (no cure)
3 most common viral stds
1. Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) or Genital Warts
-most common STD 24 million Americans infected (10% of sexually active population and 30% of sexually active teens)
2. Genital Herpes Virus
>45 million Americans infected
3. Hepatitis (inflamation of the liver)
chlamydia
transmission: via vaginal intercourse
symptoms: can be latent, difficult urination, urethral discharge, tellowish vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, intermenstrual bleeding
consequences: pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), fallopiaan tube blockage/ scar tissue in vas defrens, spontaneous abortions
treatment: 7 day antibiotic (i.e. tetracycline, erythrornycin)
gonorrhea
transmission: via genital, oral-genital, anal-genital contact, can survive 8 hours on a wet toilet
symptoms: in 2-7 days, burning w/ urination, yellow/green discharge
10% of men are silent carriers; 80% of women are unaware until OB/GYN exam
consequences: sterility if untreated, PID etc.
treatement: antibiotics, although some strains are becomming resistant
syphilis
transmission: via sexual intercourse, kidding, body contact with external sores (chancres)
symptoms/consequences: progression of 4 stages (10-20 yrs) ends in brain/CNS/heart damage, blindness
treatment: antibiotics
Human Papilloma virus (HPV) or genital warts
transmission: via direct contact
symptoms: 1-8 months, small round elevations increasing in size and number, cauliflower-like growth
consequences: 90% of cervical, vaginal,and penile cancers
treatment: cauterization, freezing, laser, surgery (no cure)
genital herpes virus
transmission: via genital, oral-genital contact, touching open sores; can cross placenta => miscarraige, retardation
symptoms: in 2-20 days, labial/vaginal sores, penile/urethral sores, tingling, burning, red/fluid filled blisters, scabbing subsides ~1 month => dormancy
treatment: acyclovir (no cure, but shortens frequency
hepatitis
transmission: a collection of 3 types of viruses
A- food, water, feces
B- sexual fluids, blood
C- blood transfusions, food, etc.
symptoms: no symptoms or flu-like, abdominal pain, and jaundice; most victims will suffer liver problems later in life
treatment: vaccines (Hepatitis B)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
1-1.5 million American infected
transmission: fluid containin WBC's blood (even menstrual), semem (pre-ejaculation), vaginal secretions, breast milk
infection: exposed musous membrane (eye, nonse, mouth, vagina, urethra) or open skin
symptoms: many phases; slu like, weight loss, fever, swollen glands, yeast infections, increased # of infections, cancers
consequences: morbidity and mortality
treatment: NONE, AZT and DDI delay symptoms (side effects), exercise, nutrition, rest, stress management