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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Quiero que no ______ frío.
tengas
I want you to be not cold.It's irrelevant whether the person is cold or not. The sentence expresses a wish, not reality.
Es cierto que _____ tarde. (salir)
sale
It is definitely leaving late.The indicative is used to express perceived reality.
Es imposible que ______ tarde. (salir)
salga
subjunctive is used to express doubt.
Es probable que _______ tarde.(salir)
salga
subjunctive is used to express probability.
Llegaré aunque mi carro no (funcionar).
Llegaré aunque mi carro no (funcionar).
funciona
funcione
The indicative is used in the first sentence because the speaker knows his car isn't working. In the second sentence, the speaker doesn't know whether it is running, so the subjunctive is used.
Hay políticos que (tener) coraje.
¿Hay políticos que (tener) coraje?
tienen
tengan
There are politicians who have courage.
Are there politicians with courage?
The subjunctive is used in the second example to express doubt.
No creo que SER ella.
Creo que SER ella.
sea
es
The subjunctive is used in the second example because the subordinate clause is negated by the main clause. Generally, the indicative is used with creer que or pensar que, while the subjunctive is used with no creer que or no pensar que. (The Spanish verb pensar has more of a feeling of definitiveness than does the English equivalent, "to think."
Busco el carro barato que FUNCIONAR.
Busco un carro barato que FUNCIONAR.
funciona
funcione
In the first example, the speaker knows that there is a car that matches the description, so the indicative is used as an expression of reality. In the second example, there is doubt that such a car exists, so the subjunctive is used.
When do you use the subjunctive?
expresses a wish
the speaker's emotions
speaker's intent, not necessarily reality.
expresses permission
command or wish
negation
doubt
contrary to fact
U Werido
Quizás lo (PODER) hacer.
Quizás lo (PODER) hacer.
pueden
puedan
In a sentence such as this, the subjunctive is used to emphasize uncertainty or doubt, the indicative to emphasize certainly.
Habla bien porque (SER) un experto.
Habla como si (SER) un experto.
es
fuera
The subjunctive is used in the second example because it's irrelevant to the sentence whether he's an expert.He speaks well because he's an expert.He speaks as if he were an expert.
Es obvio que TENER dinero.
Es bueno que TENER dinero.
tienes
tengas
The indicative is used in the first example because it expresses reality (or apparent reality). The subjunctive is used in the other example because the sentence is a reaction to the statement in the subordinte clause.