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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What happens to Magnification when OID increases?
magnification increases
What happens to Magnification when SID increases?
magnification decreases
What are the cardinal rules of radiation protection?
time, distance, shielding
What are the four landmarks for positions of chest?
inferior angle of scapula-T7;
jugular notch-T2;
sternal angle-T5;
xiphoid process-T10
Positioning terms:

What is projection?
The path of the central ray as it exits the X-ray tube and goes thru the patient to the IR.
Positioning terms:

What is position?
The posture of the patient or the general body position.

The specific placement of the body part in relation of the radiographic table or IR during imaging
Positioning terms:

What is view?
The body part as seen by the IR
Positioning terms:

What is method?
The specifies the xray projection that the individual developed
Projection terms:

Central ray is angled longitudinallly with the long axis of the body
Axial
Projection terms:

Central ray enters the anterior body surface and exits the posterior body surface
AP
Projection terms:

Central ray enters the posterior body surface and exits the anterior body surface
PA
Projection terms:

Central ray enters the side or laterial aspect of the body or body part and exits the other side
Lateral
Projection terms:

Central ray enters the body or body part from a single angle into the anterior or posterior surface of the body
Oblique
Projection terms:

Central ray is directed toward the outer margin of a curved body to profile a body part and project it free or superimposition
Tangential
When is Med radigraphy discovered?
1985
What refers to parts far from the surface?
Deep
What refers to parts farest from the point of attachment, point of reference, orgin, or beginning?
Distal
What refers to parts away from the medial plane of the body or away from the middle of the part to the right or the left?
Lateral
What refers to the back part of the body or an organ?
Dorsal
What refers to parts toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of a body part?
Medial
What refers to a part on the same side of the body?
Central
What refers to the forward or front part of the body or to the forward part of an organ?
Ventral
What refers to parts away from the head of the body?
Caudad
What refers to the palm of the hand?
Palmar
What refers tothe sole of the feet?
Plantar
What refers to the nearer the feet or situated below?
Inferior
What refers to a part within or on the inside of an organ?
Internal
What refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot, or to the back or posterior surface of the hand?
Dorsum
What refers to the covering of an organ?
Visceral
What refers to the forward or front plane of the body or to the forward part of an organ?
Anterior
What refers to parts far from the surface?
Deep
What refers to parts farest from the point of attachment, point of reference, orgin, or beginning?
Distal
What refers to parts away from the medial plane of the body or away from the middle of the part to the right or the left?
Lateral
What refers to the back part of the body or an organ?
Dorsal
What refers to parts toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of a body part?
Medial
What refers to a part on the same side of the body?
Central
What refers to the forward or front part of the body or to the forward part of an organ?
Ventral
What refers to parts away from the head of the body?
Caudad
What refers to the palm of the hand?
Palmar
What refers tothe sole of the feet?
Plantar
What refers to the nearer the feet or situated below?
Inferior
What refers to a part within or on the inside of an organ?
Internal
What refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot, or to the back or posterior surface of the hand?
Dorsum
What refers to the covering of an organ?
Visceral
What refers to the forward or front plane of the body or to the forward part of an organ?
Anterior
What refers to a part outside of an organ or on the outside of the body?
external
What refers to the nearer the head or situated above?
Superior
What refers to the parts nearest the point of attachment, point of reference, orgin, or beginning?
Promixal
What refers to the part toward the head of the body?
cephalad
What refers to the back part of the body or organ?
Posterior
What refers to a part on the same side of the body?
Ipsilateral
What refers to parts at or near the surface, edge, or outside of the body part?
Peripheral
What refers to a part near the skin or surface?
Superfical
What is refers to a part or parts on the opposite side of the body?
Contralateral
What is movement of a part so that the sagittal (longitudinal) plane is angled so that is not parallel with the long axis of the body?
Tilt
What is to turn around the axis?
Rotate
what is bending movement of a joint whereby the angle between contiguous bones is diminished?
Flexion
What is to turn the forearm so that the palm of the hand faces backwards?
Pronate
What is the movement of the foot when it is turned outward at the ankle joint?
eversion