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47 Cards in this Set

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Law created by elected legislative bodies such as state legislatures and the U.S. Congress
STATUTORY LAW
Describes and defines the legal boundaries of nursing practice within each state
NURSE PRACTICE ACT
Law created by administrative bodies such as State Boards of Nursing when they pass rules and regulations
REGULATORY LAW/ ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Law created by judicial decisions made in courts when individual legal cases are decided
COMMON LAW
Law that is either civil or criminal
STATUTORY LAW
Law to prevent harm to society and provide punishment for crimes
CRIMINAL LAW
A crime of a serious nature that has a penalty of imprisonment for > than one year or even death
FELONY
A less serious crime that has a penalty of a fine or imprisonment for less than 1 year
MISDEMEANOR
Protects the rights of individual persons w/in our society and encourages fair and equitable treatment among people
CIVIL LAW
Legal guidelines for nursing practice
STANDARD OF CARE
Situation in which a professional, the nurse, provides services which by their nature causes the recipient, the client, to trust in the specialized knowledge, the integrity, and the fidelity of the professional
FIDUCIARY RELATIONSHIP
Law on how employers must treat health care workers and clients infected with the HIV virus or has any disability
THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT
Forbids health plans from placing lifetime or annula limits on health coverage that are less generous than those placed on medical or surgical benefits
MENTAL HEALTH PARITY ACT
Examples of Advanced Directives
1.LIVING WILL
2.POWER OF ATTORNEY
Written documents that direct tx in accordance with a client's wishes in the event of a terminal illness or condition
LIVING WILL
Designates an agent, surrogate, or proxy to make health care decisions if a client cannot for themselves
DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY
States an individual who is at least 18 can make and anatomical gift or organ donation in the case of their death
UNIFORM ANATOMICAL GIFT ACT
Limits the extent to which health plans may impose preexisting condition limitations
HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY ACT
May only be imposed to ensure physical safety of client and only if their is a doctors order that must be renewed every 24 hours
RESTRAINTS
Law that limits liability and offers legal immunity for nurses who help at the scene of an accident
GOOD SAMARITAN LAW
Cardiopulmonary standard requiring irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory function
THE UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEATH ACT
The first statute that permitted physician assisted suicide
DEATH WITH DIGNITY ACT
A civil wrong made against a person or property
TORT
Negligence committed by a professional such as a nurse or physician
MALPRACTICE (UNINTENTIONAL TORT)
Any intentional THREAT to bring about harmful or offensive contact
ASSAULT
Any intentional TOUCHING w/out consent
BATTERY
Conduct that falls below normal standard of care
NEGLIGENCE
A person's agreement to allow something to happen, such as surgery or and invasive diagnostic procedure, based on a full disclosure of risks, benefits, alternatives, and consequences of refusal.
INFORMED CONSENT
Committees that review admissions, diagnostic testing and treatments provided by physicians to clients
SUPERVISED UTILIZATION REVIEW COMMITTEES
Chapter 2
System established by Congress to eliminate cost-based reimbursement
PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM
Group that has fixed reimbursement amount with adjustments for the severity of the case, rural/urban/regional labor costs, and teaching costs.
DIAGNOSIS RELATED GROUPS
The payment mechanism in which providers receive a fixed amount per client or enrollee of a health care plan
CAPITATION
Describes health care systems in which there is administrative control over primary health care services for a defined client population
MANAGED CARE
What are the 6 levels of care?
1.PREVENTIVE
2.PRIMARY
3.SECONDARY
4.TERTIARY
5.RESTORATIVE
6.CONTINUING CARE
School health services, Occupational health services, physician offices, clinics, nursing centers, block and parish nursing examples of?
PREVENTIVE AND PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICES
What kind of care are hospitals, intensive care units, psychiatric facilities, and rural hospitals examples of?
SECONDARY AND TERTIARY CARE
What care are home health agencies, rehab faclities and extended care facilities examples of?
RESTORATIVE CARE
What kind of care are area agencies on aging, nursing centers and facilities, assisted living, repite care, adult day care centers and hospice examples of?
CONTINUING CARE
Mulitdisciplinary treatment plan that sequences clinical interventions over a over a projected length of stay or a projected time frame for a specific case
CRITICAL PATHWAY
Assistance for individual to regain maximal functional status to enhance quality of life and promote independence
RESTORATIVE CARE
The restoration of a person to their fullest physical, mental, social, vocational and economic usefullness possible
REHABILITATION
Offers skilled care from a licensed nursing staff at and extended care facility
SKILLED NURSING FACILITY
A collection of health, personal, and social services provided over a prolonged period of time to persons who are disabled, never functionally independenct, or suffer from a terminal illness
CONTINUING CARE
A center that typically provides 24 hour intermediate and custodial care for clients of any age with chronic or debilitating illnesses
NURSING CENTER
A service that provides short term relief or time off for persons providing home care to ill or disabled
RESPITE CARE
Center that provides a variety of health and social services to specific client populations who live alone or with family in the community
ADULT DAY CARE CENTER
A system of family centered care designed to allow clients to live and remain at home with comfort, independence, and dignity while alleviating the strains caused by terminal illness with a focus on palliative care and not curative treatment
HOSPICE CARE