• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the structure of Exodus?
There are three parts to the structure
1. God saves Israel from Egyptian bondage (1:1-18:27)
The first chapter states the problem and introduces the conflict that propels the plot. The second chapter introduces the main human character, Moses. In the pivotal third chapter, Moses learns about the nature of God and his mission: to be God's human agent of deliverance for Israel in Egypt. Chapter 5-12 are a fight between Moses and the Pharaoh, which is also seen as a fight between deities(yahweh vs. Pharaoh/God) The first part of the book climaxes with the departure from Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea,. The crossing is the epitome of God's salvation since he brings deliverance and judgement in the same act (opening/closing of the sea)

2. God gives Israel is Law (19:1-24:18)
Israel arrives at Sinai. The mountain is made holy by God's presence and Moses is given the 10 commandments and the the Book of the Covenant

3. God commands Israel to build the Tabernacle (25:1-40:38)
There is a big focus on the building of the Tabernacle, a place where they could worship him. Its instructions are given in a command-fulfillment pattern.

THROUGH THIS STRUCTURE WE CAN CLEARLY SEE THE BOOKS CONCERN WITH SALVATION, LAW AND WORSHIP
The genre of Exodus?
The text of Exodus contains many different types of literature like narrative, law, and poetry. It is primarily the prophetic, theological, and mental history, informing its readers of God's great acts in past. It is history with the specific intention of revealing the nature of God in his acts. q
What is the scholarly debate over the interpretation of Yam Suph?
The Yam Suph is the Hebrew word for the body of water that the Israelites crossed. It is translated as "Red Sea" in most English translations, referring to the body of water that is now known as the Red Sea. This is not a literal translation of the word. Some argue that it should be translated "Reed Sea", which might be a shallow body of water that could have been waded across. What is true is that the Yum Suph is a deep body of water and the crossing was a miracle of God
What is the purpose of Exodus?
Exodus, which means "depart" gives the account of the birth of Israel as a nation and shows the continuity of past promises. (seed and land) Exodus-40years-conquest-setteling
Where does the Bible call God a warrior for the first time?
When the Pharaoh sent his chariot troops to pursue the Israelites, God crushed them in the Red Sea. It was in this climatic manifestation of his powerful presence that God first reveals himself as the divine warrior
Describe how the plagues are part of a war against the gods of Egypt.
Hapi: A powerful God of the Nile, the source of all fertility in Egypt. This god was defeated when the Nile turned into blood.

Hekhet: He had the head of the frog was defeated with the plague of the frogs.

Amon-Re: (The Sun God) was defeated when God covered the land in darkness
How is Jesus' life patterned on the Exodus?
Jesus' life is patterned on the Exodus. The start of the ministry, his baptism corresponds to the crossing of the Red Sea (Israel's baptism. Next Christ experienced 40 days of temptation in the wilderness parallel to the 40 years of temptation that Israel experienced in the wilderness. The three temptations Jesus faced (hunger, test God, and power through evil) relate to those that Israel faced only Christ did not give in where Israel did. Where Jesus is the obedient son of God, the Israelites are the disobedient sons of God. The 12 disciples are analogous to the 12 tribes. The giving of the Law of Mt. Sinai correlates to the Sermon on the Mount. Finally, the Passion Week occurs during Passover drawing a direct connection to Jesus as the sacrificial lamb who dies for our sins.
What is a minimalist?
The minimalist believed that the Bible is ideological rather than historical. Their theories are based on archeology.
Identify the Mernepthah stele
The Mernepthah stele is an obelisk (or phallic symbol) found in archeological dig. Contained on this obelisk is a victory hymn of a pharaoh named Mernepthah. The significance is that within this victory hymn is the first extrabiblical mention of Israel (1208 BC). The Mernepthah stele supports the 15th and 13th century dates for the writing of Exodus. There is controversy as to whether the Israel mentioned refers to a small tribe of people without a land or a great nation with a land.
What is case law?
These laws deal with the application of the ten Commandments (in specific instances) to the sociological, redemptive, and historical status of Israel, They remind us that people of God are a nation.
Describe how the plagues are part of a war against the gods of Egypt.
Hapi: A powerful God of the Nile, the source of all fertility in Egypt. This god was defeated when the Nile turned into blood.

Hekhet: He had the head of the frog was defeated with the plague of the frogs.

Amon-Re: (The Sun God) was defeated when God covered the land in darkness
How is Jesus' life patterned on the Exodus?
Jesus' life is patterned on the Exodus. The start of the ministry, his baptism corresponds to the crossing of the Red Sea (Israel's baptism. Next Christ experienced 40 days of temptation in the wilderness parallel to the 40 years of temptation that Israel experienced in the wilderness. The three temptations Jesus faced (hunger, test God, and power through evil) relate to those that Israel faced only Christ did not give in where Israel did. Where Jesus is the obedient son of God, the Israelites are the disobedient sons of God. The 12 disciples are analogous to the 12 tribes. The giving of the Law of Mt. Sinai correlates to the Sermon on the Mount. Finally, the Passion Week occurs during Passover drawing a direct connection to Jesus as the sacrificial lamb who dies for our sins.
What is a minimalist?
The minimalist believed that the Bible is ideological rather than historical. Their theories are based on archeology.
Identify the Mernepthah stele
The Mernepthah stele is an obelisk (or phallic symbol) found in archeological dig. Contained on this obelisk is a victory hymn of a pharaoh named Mernepthah. The significance is that within this victory hymn is the first extrabiblical mention of Israel (1208 BC). The Mernepthah stele supports the 15th and 13th century dates for the writing of Exodus. There is controversy as to whether the Israel mentioned refers to a small tribe of people without a land or a great nation with a land.
What is case law?
These laws deal with the application of the ten Commandments (in specific instances) to the sociological, redemptive, and historical status of Israel, They remind us that people of God are a nation.
What is the Apodictic Law?
These laws are universal principles
The Ten Commandments
How does the Case Law relate to the Ten Commandments?
Case laws concern the practical application of the Ten Commandments
How does Christ fulfill the law?
Christ, in the sermon on the mount, frees us of the curse of the law. Through his words and actions (picking grain on the Sabbath), Christ now takes the place of the ceremonial law. He fulfilled the law by keeping it perfectly (and dying for us breaking it)
What is the function of the tabernacle? What does it represent?
The function of the Tabernacle is a place of worship.
It represents Gods presence on Earth
What is the function of the Menorah?
The Menorah provided light for the interior of the tabernacle. Symbolically, it was in the shape and ornamentation of a flowering tree. This represents a tree in a place where God makes his presence known (a reminder of the Garden Of Eden) Also this connects to the fact that Abraham would frequently build his altars near oak trees. In the various places that God makes himself known, there are reminders of Eden and of Heaven
What is the function of the Ark of the Covenant? What does it represent?
The Ark of the Covenant is the most potent symbol of Gods presence on earth. It represents the footstool of Gods throne. It is also a mobile symbol of Gods presence
Describe the way holiness increases in the Israelite camp as you walk from the outside to the Most Holy Place in the tabernacle.
The central location of the tabernacle (the traditional location of the king’s tent) showed that God was the king of Israel. The design, with gradations of increasing Holiness as one approached the center of the tabernacle, also showed Gods presence among His people. Outside the camp were the gentiles and the unclean. Those in Gods covenant, the Israelites (clean) were inside the camp. Only the Levites could occupy the area immediately around the tent and only the priests could enter Holy place (the outer room of the tent). Only one man, the high priest, could enter the Most Holy room in the back center of the tent, which contained the Ark of the Covenant (representing God on earth). This occurred once a year on the Day of Atonement.