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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Federalism?
A hydrid arrangement that mixes elements of a confederation in which lower-level governements possess all real authority and unitary governement.
Unitary Government
Single government unit holds the power to govern the nation.
Smaller state governments held ultimate power.
lower-level government possess real authority
Three conditions required of a federal system.
1) The same people and teritoryare included in both levels of government.
2) The nationals constitution protects units at each level of government from from encroachment by other units.
3) Each unit is in a position to exert some leverage over the other.
Dual Federalism
system of gov. in which the FERDERAL and STATE gov. each have mutually exclusive spheres of action.
Shared Federalism
system in which the NATIONAL and STATE gov. share in providing citizens with a set of goods.
Exclusive powers of the National gov.

Denied powers?
Coin Money, tax imports and exports, make treaties, Make war.

Denied-Tax state reports, change state bounderies, pass laws in conflict with bill of rights.
Exclusive powers of the STATE gov.

Denied powers?
Run elections, protect public health, safty, and morals.

Denied-Tax imports and exports, coin money, enter compacts with other states w/o congressional consent
Shared powers of the NATIONAL and STATE gov.
Tax, bowrrow money, Charter banks and corporations, take property, enforce laws and administer a judiciary.
Constitution- Important for successful collective action
document outlining the formal rules and institutions of government and the limits placed on its power.
Government- Important for successful collective action
institutions and procedures through which people are ruled.
acknowledged right of the office to make a particular decisioin for all participants.
membersof a group must decide individually what they want, what they are prepared to contribute to the collective enterprise and coordinate their efforts with others.
Prisoner's dilemma
Situation in which two or more actors cannot agree to cooperate for fear that the other will find its interest best served by reneging on an argreement.
individuals can receive the benefits from a collective activity whether or not they helped to pay for it, leaving them with no incentive to contribute.
Tragedy of the Commons
a situation in which group members overexploit a common resource,causing its destruction.
Cost of collective action
Transactional cost (Time, Effort and resources required to make a collective decision) and Conformity cost (coolective decisions obligate participants to do something they prefer not to).

Related-they tackle collective enterprises.