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18 Cards in this Set

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PROTEIN FUNCTION: BUILD AND REPLACE TISSUE AND CELLS, FLUID BALANCE, TRANSPORTATION OF NUTRIENTS, ANTIBODY,HORMONE PRODUCTION

PROTEIN: 4K CALS
COMPOSED OF AMINO ACIDS
.
LACTO-OVO-VEGETARIAN--DAIRY, EGGS, PLANT FOODS

LACTO-VEGETARIAN--NO EGGS

VEGAN--NO ANIMAL FOODS, MAY HAVE DEFIECIENCY IN IODINE,B12, IRON, CALCIUM, RIBOFLAVIN, VIT D

COMPLEMENTARY PROTEINS-REDBEANS,RICE,PEANUT BUTTER, TOFU
.
CARBS--50-60% OF DAILY DIET

EACH GRAM OF CARB SUPPLIES 4 CALS

QUICK SOURCE, GLUCOSE,
.
GLUCOSE-SUGAR IN BODY
SUCROSE-TABLE SUGAR
FRUCOSE-FRUIT SUGAR
LACTOSE-MILK SUGAR
SUCROSE MAJOR SWEETNER
.
COMPLEX CARBS-STARCHES, BREADS, PASTA, CEREAL, POTATOES, RICE, BROKEN DOWN INTO SIMPLE SUGARS FOR DIGESTION, ABSORPTION, AND USE BY THE BODY.
.
DIETITIANS RECOMMEND 20-35 G PER DAY

FAT = 9 KCALS A DAY

SOURCE OF FATTY ACIDS

UNSATURATED MOST WANTED
.
VIATAMINS YOU WANT FROM FOOD FIRST

FAT, ADEK, TOO MUCH=TOXICITY

MINERALS: MUSCLE * NERVE FUNCTION, RIDGEITY * STRENGTH TO TEETH AND BONES, CONTRACTION AND RELATION OF MUSCLES, BLOOD CLOTTING, TISSUE REPAIR AND GROWTH
.
WATER, MOST ESSENTIAL 50-60% BY WEIGHT

ONE ML PER CALORIE OF INTAKE

WATER IS USED DIGESTION,ABSORPTION,ELIMINATION,SECRETION, ADD 500ML TO ANYTHING FOR WATER
.
FATS-9KCAL/ESSENTIAL/CONCENTRATED ENERGY
VITAMINS-FOOD/ESSENTIAL/
MINERALS/METABOLISM/CELL FUNCTION/B CLOT
WATER/MOST ESSENTIAL/1ML P/CAL/+500ML
CARBS/4KCAL/SIM/COM/FIBER/50-60%/ENERGY
PROTEIN/4KCAL/TISSUE/CELL BUILDING/AMINO
.
PROVIDES ENERGY TO BODY

PROTEIN, CARBS, FATS
.
MAJOR NUTRIENTS IN FLUID BALANCE

POTASSIUM AND SODIUM
.
LOW POTASSIUM RISK FOR

CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS
.
CARB DIGESTION BEGINS

THE TEETH BREAK UP FOOD AND MIX IT WITH SALIVA
.
MAJOR COMPONENT NECESSARY FOR DIGESTION OF FAT IS

BILE SECRETED BY LIVER
.
RECOMMENDED DAILY OF FIBER IS

20-35 G PER DAY
,
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MARAMUS AND KWASHIORKOR

MARASMUS, THERE IS ABSENCE OF NURTIENTS FOR ENERGY INCLUDING PROTEIN
.
NOT A SIGN OF MALNUTRITION

ABSENSE OF GRAY HAIR
.
PATIENT WITH FEEDING
1. ASSESS THE NEED FOR ASSISTENCE W/FEEDING
2. CHECK DIET ON THE TRAY W/DIET SHEET
3. CLEAR OVERBED TABLE,PLACE TRAY ON IT
4.POSITION PATIENT IN A HIGH FOWLERS POSITION OR ASSIST PATIENT TO CHAIR, SWALLOWING IS ENHANCED BY UPRIGHT POSITION
5. PROTECT CLOTHING
.