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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
organization of the body structre
chemical
cellular
tissue
organ
system
organism
cells making complex molecules from simpler compounds
anabolism
chemical compound that provides energy for use by body cells
ATP
smallest particle of a pure substance that still has the chemical properties of that substance
atom
wasting away of tissue, decrease in size of a part
atrophy
a specialized muscle that makes up the heart
cardiac muscle
the part of metabolism where breakdown of food compounds or cytoplasm into simpler compounds
catabolism
a basic biological and structural unit of the body consisting of nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm and enclosed by a membrane
cell
principle organic constituent of connective tissue
collagen
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
connective tissue
covers the body and its parts; lines various parts of the body;forms continuous sheets that contain no blood vessels; classified according to shape and arrangement
epitheal tissues
the phase immediately before the visible stages of cell division when the dna of each chromosome replicates itself
interphase
the intracellular substance of a tissue, for example the matrix of bone is calcified
matrix
nuclear division in which the number of chromosomes are reduced to half of their original number; produces gametes
meiosis
thin layer or sheet
membrane
indirect cell division involving complex changes in the nucleus
mitosis
complex process by which food is used by a living organism
metabolism
particle of matter composed of one or more smaller units called atoms
molecule
cell organ, for example, the ribosome
organelle
the study of body function
physiology
muscles that are not underconscious control; also known as visceral or involuntary; forms the walls of blood vessels and hollow organs
smooth muscle
4 types of tissues
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
the study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of the parts
anatomy
: a thick very elastic smooth yellowish anastomosing fiber of connective tissue that contains elastin
elastic fiber
a branch of anatomy that deals with the macroscopic structure of tissues and organs
gross anatomy
What are the two major body cavities?
ventral and dorsal
what is located in the doral cavity?
brain and spinal cord
what is located in the ventral cavity?
thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity.