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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What should you think when you see ACUTE onset of neurological symptoms?
Hemorrhagic strokes usually cause _____.
What are some risk factors for large artery atherosclerosis/thrombosis?
smoking, CAD, elevated lipids, male, PAD
Where is the most common location of embolic deposition?
What is the most common origin of emboli?
heart -- valve problems, artificial valve, cardiac infarct
What are some signs of CORTICAL stroke?
aphasia and neglect
Signs of a DEEP NUCLEAR stroke?
Contralateral motor or sensory deficit. Arms more effected than legs. Aphasia if on dominant side. Neglect if not on dominant side. Eyes deviated toward side of stroke and away from hemiplegic side.
MCA stroke syndrome
Contralateral motor and sensory deficit with legs more affected than arms and face. Loss of drive (abulia), akinetic mutism, personality changes.
ACA stroke syndrome
Contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing. Thalmic pain syndromes.
PCA stroke
Risk factor for lacunar strokes.
HTN and diabetes and polycythemia
Mechanism of lacunar stroke.
lipohyalinotic occlusion
Area around ischemic area that you are trying to salvage
Main risk of using tPA.
____ can masquerade as a stroke.
____ patients are high risk of hemorrhage.
Only FDA approved therapy for stroke
Alteplase/Activase (tPA)
Aneurysms are commonly seen where?
at bifurcations in the anterior circulation
SAH presents as?
sudden very bad headache
What is the gold standard for diagnosing an aneurysm?
catheter angiography