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13 Cards in this Set

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stressors
-stimulus events requiring some form of adaptation or adjustment
stress repsonse
-physiological, cognitive, and behavioral
what are the 3 physiological domains of the stress response?
-neural
-neuroendocrine
-endocrine
neural components of SR?
-symp/parasymp end organs
-neuromuscular nervous system
neuroendocrine component of SR?
-inc NE/Ep from adrenal medulla
-sympathetic (fight or flight) response
endocrine components of stress response?
-adrenal cortical axis
-release ACTH
how can we measure stress?
-look at stressful life events
-assess the daily and cumulative impact of everyday demands
-some physiological measurements
what are the primary and secondary apraisal processes in the lazarus/folkman model?
-primary = beliefs and commitments
-secondary = resources, options, and effectiveness
what are the 3 stages of general adaptation syndrome?
-alarm
-resistance
-exhaustion
GAS: alarm stage
-inc hormone levels
-respsonse to specific stressor
-epinephrine release
-heightened susceptibility to illness
GAS: resistance stage
-hormone levels sustained
-physiological arousal stays high but is counterbalanced by parasympathetics
-heightened sensitivity to stress
GAS: exhaustion stage
-inc hormone levels
-depletion of adaptive hormones
-dec resistance to stress
-depression
allostatic load
-cumulative, multi system view of physiological toll that may be exacted on the body through attempts at adaptation