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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 Common congenital heart diseases causing R-to-L shunts
(blue babies)
Tetralogy of Fallot (most common cause of early cyanosis)
transposition of great vessels
Truncus arteriosus
*3 T's
3 common congenital heart diseases causing L to R shunts (late cyanosis--blue kids)
1 VSD--most common congenital heart abnormality
2 ASD (loud S1, wide fixed split S2)
3 PDA (persistent patent ductus arteriosus)
Eisenmenger's syndrome, causes and description
Uncorreced VSD, ASD, or PDA lead to pulmonary hypertension. w/ inc pulmonary resistance, shunt changes from L>R to R>L causeing late cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot
1 pulmonary stenosis
2 Right Vent Hypertroph
3 Overriding aorta
boot shaped heart on xray from RVH
caused by anterospuperior displacement of infundibular septum
types of aortic coactation
infantile--proximal to insertion of ductus arteriosus
Adult--stenosis distal to ductus arteriosus. associated w/ notching of ribs, upper limb hypertension, lower limb weak pulses
Patent ductus arteriosus. what? murmer type? drugs?
L to R shunt thru ductus arteriosus (R to L in fetus)--becomes R to L thru eisenmenger's
Machine like murmur
PGE keeps open
Indomethacin closes