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49 Cards in this Set

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June 21 Tropic of Cancer
Marks beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and is the longest day of the year
December 22 Tropic of Capricorn
Marks the beginning of winter in Northern Hemisphere and is the shortest day of the year
Solstice
The day on which the suns direct rays are hitting the Tropics (twice a year)
Equinox
When the sun's rays are hitting the equator which causes the days/nights to be = all over the earth. (twice a year)
1st equinox
Vernal / March 21 / marks the beginning of spring in Northern Hemisphere
2nd equinox
Autumnal / Sept. 23 / marks the beginning of fall in Northern Hemisphere
Weather
The condition of th eatmosphere at a particular location and time.
Biggest factor of weather.
Seasons
The amount of _____ energy a location receives is dependent upon its _______ to the sun
solar/location
Four major factors that influence climate.
Wind & Ocean Currents
Latitude
Elevation
Topography
The tropics or low latitudes:
Warm all year long
the temperature or middle latitudes:
Climates vary greatly due to the different seasons
The polar or high latitude zones:
cold all year long.
Purpose of a time zone.
Maintaining a standard time system.
How was time kept in late 1800
Based upon the rising & setting of the sun.
How does the International Dateline work?
Begins in Greenwich, England. If you move west of Greenwich, time decreases 1 hours for every 15 Longitude, vice versa
4 Reasons for variations in time zones.
-Physical Boundaries
-Political ""
-Geographical ""
-Avoid bisecting highly populated areas.
Globe
3D representation of Earth
Map
2D graphic rep. of selected parts of the earths surface
cartographer
mapmaker
map projection
a way of drawing the earth's surface by presenting a round earth on flat paper
Topographic map
rep of natural and man-made features on earth.
GIS (geographic Informations System)
tool that sotres info about the world in a digital database
Butte
A raised flat area of land with steep cliffs /smaller than a mesa
cape/peninsula
A point of land extending into an ocean or lake
Delta
a triangular area of land formed from deposits at the mouth of a river.
canyon
a narrow, deep valley /w steep sides
steppe
a wide, treeless grassy plain
Theme 1 : Location
Where?
absolute location
exact location according to lat/long
relative location
describes how a place is related to surrounding environ.
Theme 2: Place
What is it like?
Physical features
climate, landforms, vegetation
human characteristics
population,ethnicity, man-made structures
Theme 3: Regions
How are areas similar or different?
relative location
describes how a place is related to surrounding environ.
Theme 2: Place
What is it like?
Physical features
climate, landforms, vegetation
human characteristics
population,ethnicity, man-made structures
Theme 3: Regions
How are areas similar or different?
regions are..
areas on the surface of the earth that are defined by certain unifying characteristics
characteristics could be..
human, political, eco, cultural, physical
regions provide..
orginzed way to study the earth's landscapes and peoples
Theme 4: Human Evinronment Interaction
How do people relate to the physical world?
Refers to the relationship..
between humans and their environment.
Theme 5: Movement
How do people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another?
Linear Distance
how far across the earth a person, an idea, or a product travels.
Time Distance
the amount of time it takes for a person, idea, or product to travel.
Psychological Distance
The way people view distance.