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### 20 Cards in this Set

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 ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (ANOVA) A STATISTICAL TECHNIQUE FOR TESTING FOR DIFFERENCES IN THE MEANS OF SEVERAL GROUPS ONE WAY ANOVA AN ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE WHEREIN THE GROUPS ARE DEFINED ON ONLY ONE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE MS within (MS error) VARIABILITY AMONG SUBJECTS IN THE SAME TREATMENT GROUP MS between groups (MS groups) VARIABILITY AMONG GROUP MEANS SUM OF SQUARES THE SUM OF THE SQUARED DEVIATIONS AROUND SOME POINT (USUALLY A MEAN OR PREDICTED VALUE) SS total THE SUM OF SQUARED DEVIATIONS OF ALL OF THE SCORES, REGARDLESS OF GROUP MEMBERSHIP SS groups THE SUM OF SQUARED DEVIATIONS OF THE GROUP MEANS FROM THE GRAND MEAN, MULTIPLIED BY NUMBERED OF OBSERVATIONS SS errors THE SUM OF SQUARED RESIDUALS OR THE SUM OF THE SQUARED DEVIATIONS WITHIN EACH GROUP DF total DEGREES OF FREEDOM ASSOCIATED WITH SStotal EQUAL TO N-1 DF group DEGREES OF FREEDOM ASSOCIATED WITH SSgroup EQUAL TO K-1 DF error DEGREES OF FREEDOM ASSOCIATED WITH SSerror EQUAL TO K(N-1) F STATISTIC THE RATIO OF MSgroup to MSerror MULTIPLE COMPARISON TECHNIQUES TECHNIQUES FOR MAKING COMPARISONS BETWEEN TWO OR MORE GROUP MEANS SUBSEQUENT TO ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE PROTECTED T (LEAST SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE TEST) A TECHNIQUE IN WHICH WE RUN T TESTS BETWEEN PAIRS OF MEANS ONLY IF THE ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE WAS SIGNIFICANT FAMILY WISE ERROR RATE THE PROBABILITY THAT A FAMILY OF COMPARISONS CONTAINS AT LEAST ONE TYPE I ERROR BONFERRONI PROCEDURE A MULTIPLE COMPARISONS PROCEDURE IN WHICH THE FAMILYWISE ERROR RATE IS DIVIDED BY THE NUMBER OF COMPARISONS TUKEY PROCEDURE A MULTIPLE COMPARISONS PROCEDURE DESIGNED TO HOLD THE FAMILYWISE ERROR RATE AT ALPHA FOR A SET OF COMPARISONS MAGNITUDE EFFECT A MEASURE OF THE DEGREE TO WHICH VARIABILITY AMONG OBSERVATIONS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO TREATMENTS N2 (ETA SQUARED) A MEASURE OF THE MAGNIFIED OF EFFECT W2 (OMEGA SQUARED) A LESS BIASED MEASURE OF THE MAGNITUDE OF EFFECT