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28 Cards in this Set

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Puritans
Group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries advocated strict religious discipline in the church.
Episcopos
Church government by bishops.
James I
King of England (1603–1625) and of Scotland as James VI.
Charles I
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War.
Petition of rights
A remedy available to subjects to recover property from the Crown.
Ship money
A tax once levied on English maritime towns and shires to provide ships for war.
William Laud
English prelate who as archbishop of Canterbury (1633–1645) supported Charles I
Long Parliament
Session of the English Parliament summoned in November 1640 by Charles I to raise money.
Triennial Act
The act requires that the Parliament meet for at least a fifty-day session once every three years.
New Model Army
Army that won the English Civil Wars for Parliament.
Oliver Cromwell
Led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642–1649) and called for the execution of Charles I.
Cavaliers
A supporter of Charles I of England in his struggles against Parliament. Also called Royalist.
Rump Parliament
English Parliament immediately following the Long Parliament.
Levellers
English Puritan sect active at the time of the English civil war.
Test Act
required holders of civil and military offices to profess the established religion
Charles II
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660–1685) who reigned during the Restoration.
James II
The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of Orange.
Glorious Revolution
resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of his daughter Mary II and her husband William III.
Toleration Act
granted freedom of worship to Nonconformists
Thomas Hobbes
English philosopher and political theorist
John Locke
He set out the principles of empiricism
Mannerism
An artistic style of the late 16th century characterized by distortion of elements such as scale and perspective.
El Greco
Greek-born Spanish painter of religious works.
Baroque
A style developed in Europe, England, and the Americas during the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Italian sculptor, painter, and architect. An outstanding artist of the Italian baroque period.
French Classicism
Art style similar to Baroque
Nicholas Poussin
French painter whose landscapes and religious paintings are among the greatest examples of the classical style.
Rembrandt
Dutch painter whose works are unmatched in their portrayal of subtle human emotions.