Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are:
bacteria
Bacteria are so small they can only be seen with the aid of:
a microscope
The small minority of harmful bacteria that invade plant or animal tissue are considered:
pathogenic
An infection that is transmitted from one person to another is:
communicable
The type of bacteria that rarely shows any active motility is:
cocci
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads is:
streptococci
Round-shaped pathogenic bacteria that appear singly or in groups are:
cocci
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause diseases such as pneumonia are:
diplococci
Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:
protoplasm
A rod-shaped microorganism that infected clients due to improper disinfection of a whirlpool foot spa was:
mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis
The active stage and inactive or spore-forming stage of bacteria are referred to as the:
life cycle of bacteria
The division process where bacteria divide into two new cells is:
mitosis
Body tissues being invaded by disease-causing or pathogenic bacteria results in a(n):
infection
A pimple or an abscess is an example of a:
local infection
A sign of a bacterial infection is the presence of:
pus
A common human bacteria that can be transferred through skin-to-skin contact or unclean implements is:
staph
Nonpathogenic bacteria are:
harmless
A disease that spreads from one person to another by contact is said to be:
contagious
A submicroscopic structure capable of infesting almost all plants and animals is a:
virus
A disease caused by a bloodborne virus and marked by inflammation of the liver is:
hepatitis
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes:
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Organisms that live in or on another living organism and draw their nourishment from the host organism are:
parasites
Nail fungus can be contracted through implements that are not properly:
disinfected
Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids are called:
bloodborne pathogens
A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite is:
scabies
The skin disease that is caused by an infestation of head lice is called:
pediculosis capitis
The type of immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease or through vaccinations is:
acquired immunity
The three main types of decontamination are:
sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization
The level of protection required by the salon to kill most organisms, with the exception of bacterial spores, is:
disinfection
Substances used to destroy bacteria and viruses on surfaces such as implements and combs are:
disinfectants
Federal law requires manufacturers to provide important product information, precautions, safety information, and ingredients in the form of:
Material Safety Data Sheets