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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Types of Interest Groups
Economic, Public, Think Tanks, Governmental Units
Functions of an Interest Group
1. Provide info about policy area.
2. Advocate the policies that best serve the needs and concerns of interest group members.
3. Mobilize voters and contributors to support the positions represented by the interest group.
4. Give feedback to interest group members about what has happened and why.
Types of Lobbyists
1. Contract
2. In-House
Who makes contributions to campaigns?
Political Action Committee
What is the PAC?
A registered organization that raises funds and makes campaign contributions on the behalf of a particular interest group.
What do states require to establish if they wish to make contributions to campaigns?
Characterists of an Interest Group
Voluntary, share a common belief, and influence the government
What is an organization of similar businesses or professionals?
Trade Association
4 Types of Primaries
1. Open
2. Closed
3. Blanket
4. Single
Open Primary
Does not require party membership; any voter who is qualified to vote in general election can participate
Closed Primary
For those who are registered in the party.
Blanket Primary
A voter is allowed to vote for candidates of both parties in a single election.
Single Primary
Voter may only cast votes within a single party.
Perspective of political parties that is often referred to as the party democracy school of thought.
Responsible Party
Contest in which candidates appear on a ballot without any party identification.
Nonpartisan election
Negative campaigning
Attacks on personal traits or behaviors of an opponent.
Primary elections and conventions serve to?
Make a nominee selection.
Candidate-centered organizations
Informal organizations within a political party that work in support of a particular candidate.
Informal and ongoing organizations within political parties that work in support of a particular set of interest or persons.
Material incentives, solidary incentives, and purposive
Ways candidates recruit campaigners
State General Committee
Top level of the political party committee structure.
Material Incentives
Jobs, contract and other rewards that attract individuals to campaign in support of a candidate or political party.
Solidary Incentives
Opportunist for working with others that attract people to campaigns in support of a candidate or party.
Purposive Incentives
Satisfaction of pursuing certain values or policy objectives that attract individuals to campaign in support of a candidate or party.
Roles of the Governor
1. Chief Legislator
2. Sets Budget
3. Sets Agenda
4. State Cheerleader
5. Appoints people to state agencies
6. Ceremonial
7. Party Leader
Media attention
Informal power of the governor
Line-item veto
Rejection by a governor of specific lines, numbers, or words in a bill passed by the legislature.
Releases individuals before they have served their full sentence in prison.
Sends an individual from the governor's state to another state where the person faces court or correctional action.
Eliminates penalties and convictions applied to individuals by the judicial system.
Suspends temporarily the execution of a sentence, especially the death penalty.
Cabinet Government
Agency heads that are appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the governor.
Baker v. Carr
Made state governments more representative, more relevant, and more attractive to people serious about shaping good public policies.
Why did governors intially not have much power?
Distrust left over from British colonial governors.
Three informal powers
1. Popular Support
2. Communication
3. Legislative support
What authority do governors have over the state budget?
They come up with the intial budget that is then sent to the legislature.
Partial Veto
Rejection by a governor of any part, including parts of specific numbers, in a bill passed by the legislature.
Package Veto
Rejection by a governor of an entire bill that has been passed by the legislature.
Progressive Movement
Increased gubernatorial power.
Log Rolling
Voting in the legislative branch resulting from one member voting a certain way to help his own bill or build a friendship.
Drawing the district line to gain a partisan advantage in legislative representation.
Factors that influence legislative choices
1. Partisanship
2. Staff recommendations
3. Committee recommendations
What is the legislature responsible for?
1. Making Laws
2. Approving Budgets
3. Serving constituents
What factor determines what area state legislators represent?
Presiding officer and the majority party's chief leader in the lower house.
What Supreme Court case established "one man, one vote" doctrine?
Reynolds v. Sims
Equal Protection Clause is apart of what U.S. Constitutional Amendment?
Presiding officer in the Senate