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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Roles of governor
PRESIDENT OF STATE
Administrator
Legislator
Party Leader
Ceremonial Head
Negotiator
Opinion Leader
Roles of the governor - Legislator types
Caretaker – passive
Initiator – active
Conserver – guardian –veto power
Stepping stones to governor
Money
Famous, Well liked
Political Stepping stones
Influences of governor elections (5)
Competitive majority (R)
Coattails effect w/ president
Candidate centerd campaigns
$$$
Incumbency 80% success
Gubernatorial Powers (3)
Managerial
Fiscal/budget making
Legislative
Gubernatorial Powers - Managerial
Governors feel this is important but feel like st. constitutions restrict them
Gubernatorial Powers - Fiscal/budget making
Important if governor has the responsibility of creating the budget /allocating funds
Gubernatorial Powers - Legislative
Veto, Line item veto
Call special sessions
executive orders
Gubernatorial Powers - Judicial
Nominate judges, pardons, suspend habeus corpus
Schlesinger Index of gubernatorial powers - scale based upon:
Terms of Office
Appointive Powers
Influence on Budget
Veto Powers
Lt Governor
"Vice Governor" Dosen't do much
Attorney General
chief legal counsel
elected in 42 states
has power of LAW and Law enforcement powers
Auditor/Comptroller General
Approves expenses
Audits at end of the year
Like a treasurer
Treasurer
Authorizes state funds
Florida CFO
Chief Financial Officer - Combination of Auditor/Comptroller & Treasurer
You can do this Mark, keep going
Lets do this.
You can do this Mark, keep going
Lets do this.
Secretary of State
In charge of all state documents
Handels Elections
Common Law
after the fact justice (england)
Equity Law
preventative justice (restraining order)
Natural Law
do your own thing law, people will do what is right (doesn't work)
Statutory Law
Made by body and subordinate to the constitution
Constitution
Basic operation and structure of government
How are courts political institutions?
they resolve differences/conflicts
How are court decisions different form Exec and Legislative
passive - do not initiate
have special rules of access/participation, the FACTS RULE
Two types of court activity
Norm Enforcement
Policy Making
Norm Enforcement
Applying the law to specific situations
"normal court stuff" takes up most time and resources
Policy Making
Where laws are challenged, laws are rewritten *usually done by appellate courts
Structure of state courts (4)
4. Court of Last Resort

3. Intermediate Courts of Appeal* not in small states

2. District, County, Circuit Courts

1. Magistrate & Justice-of-Peace Courts (JP)
Methods of Selecting State Judges (5)
Partisan Elections (10)

Non-Partisan Elections + most popular (16)

Elected by Legislature - Least popular (4)

Appointed by Governor (federal model) (11)

Missouri or Merit Plan - (5) Governor chooses from a list of candidates chosen by the people
Factors on Judicial Decision making
political party affiliation

Ethnicity - (D) with minorities

Ideology - (D) favor Civil Rights/Liberties

Role Perception - (D) favor Tenate, Unions/Workers (R) favor Landlord, Big Business
Sherriff
elected state official, trumps city police
maintains jails
maintains order in court
Mapp v Ohio
no illegial search and seizures
Gideon v Wranwright = Right to attorney
Right to attorney
Miranda v Arizona
"Miranda Rights" right to know your rights
Atkins & Glick on political party affiliation on State Supreme Court Level
no party connection
Largest proportion of State Supreme court decision making is on
economic differences

(rural) wills, trusts, estates, contracts
(urban) corporate law, large economic interests
State Prosecutors decide
whether or not to charge
whether or not to prosecute