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25 Cards in this Set

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BRONCHOSCOPY
DIRECT VISUALIZATION OF THE TRACHEOBRONCHIAL TREE FOLLOWING INSERTION OF A RIGID OR FLEXIBLE LIGHTED BRONCHOSCOPE.
LUNG BIOPSY
EXCISION OF A SMALL PORTION OF LUNG TISSUE FOR DIAGNOSIS.
WEDGE RESECTION OF THE LUNG
EXCISION OF A SMALL PART FROM THE PERIPHERY OF THE PULMONARY LOBE.
PNEUMOTHORAX
ACCUMULATION OF AIR OR GASS IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY, RESULTING IN THE COLLAPSE OF THE LUNG ON THE AFFECTED SIDE.
BRONCHIAL WASHINGS
SECRETIONS OBTAINED FROM THE BRONCHI FOR LABORATORY EXAMINATION FOLLOWING INJECTION AND ASPIRATION OF SMALL AMOUNTS OF SALINE.
MEDIASTINOSCOPY
DIRECT VISUALIZATION OF THE MEDIASTINAL SPACE AND LYMPH NODES BY MEANS OF A LIGHTED MEDIASTINOSCOPE.
PLEURA
THE SEROUS MEMBRANE ENCLOSING THE LUNGS AND LINING THE WALLS OF THE THORACIC CAVITY.
DECORTICATION OF THE LUNG
EXCISION OF FIBRINOUS DEPOSITES OR RESTRICTIVE MEMBRANES OF PLEURAE THAT INTERFERE WITH RESPIRATORY FUNCTION.
EMPYEMA
PUS IN A BODY CAVITY, ESPECIALLY IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY.
THORACOTOMY
INCISION INTO THE THORACIC CAVITY TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO ORGANS OF THE CHEST.
THORACOSCOPY
DIRECT VISUALIZATION OF THE PLEURAL SPACE, PLEURAE, MEDIASTINUM, PARICARDIUM, AND THORACIC WALL BY MEANS OF A LIGHTED SCOPE.
RESERVE AIR
MAXIMUM VOLUME OF AIR THAT CAN BE EXPIRED FROM THE RESTING EXPIRATORY LEVEL.
HEMOTHORAX
ACCUMULATION OF BLOOD OR FLUID IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY CAUSED BY RUPTURE OF SMALL BLOOD VESSELS DUE TO TRAUMA OR INFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS IN PNEUMONIA, PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS, OR A MALIGNANT GROWTH.
ESOPHAGOSCOPY
DIRECT VISUALIZATION OF THE ESOPHAGUS AND CARDIAC PORTION OF THE STOMACH BY MEANS OF A LIGHTED SCOPE.
LOBES
WELL-DEFINED PORTIONS; THE RIGHT LUNG HAS THREE, THE LEFT HAS TWO.
SEGMENTS OF THE LUNG
SMALL SUBDIVISIONS OF THE LOBES OF THE LUNG, SEPARATE FROM OTHERS BY CONNECTIVE TISSUE AND SUPPLIED BY SEPARATED BRANCHES OF THE BRONCHUS LEADING TO THE PARTICULAR LOBE.
INTERCOSTAL SPACE
THE SOACE BETWEEN TWO RIBS.
RESIDUAL AIR
AMOUNT OF AIR REMAINING IN THE LUNGS AT THE END OF A MAXIMUM EXPIRATION.
PLEURAL EFFUSION
ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF FLUID IN THE PLEURAL SPACE.
SUPRASTERNAL NOTCH
SOFT INDENTATION ALONG THE MIDLINE IMMEDIATELY ABOVE THE STERNUM.
HYPOXIA
LACK OF AN ADEQUATE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN IN INSPIRED AIR; REDUCED OXYGEN CONTENT OR TENSION.
SEGMENTAL RESECTION OF THE LUNG
REMOVAL OF AN INDIVIDUAL BRONCHOVASCULAR AEGMENT OF A PULMONARY LOBE WITH LIGATION OF SEGMENTAL BRANCHES OF PULMONARY VESSELS AND DIVISION OF THE SEGMENTAL BRONCHUS.
TIDAL AIR
AMOUNT OF AIR INHALED AND EXHALED DURING NORMAL QUIET BREATHING.
PECTUS EXCAVATUM
CONGENITAL MALFORMATION OF THE CHEST WALL CHARACTERIZED BY A FUNNEL-SHAPED DEPRESSION OF THE LOWER END OF THE STERNUM AND COSTAL CARTILAGES.
THORACIC CAVITY
SPACE LYING ABOVE THE DIAPHRAGM AND BELOW THE BASE OF THE NECK.