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40 Cards in this Set

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CERBROSPINAL FLUID
WATERY FLUID PROTECTING THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
BRAIN ABSCESS
LOCALIZED COLLECTION OF PUS IN THE INTRACRANIAL REGION USUALLY OCCURING SECONDARY TO INFECTIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAR, NASAL SINUSES,FACE, OR SKULL, OR FROM CONTAMINATION FROM PENETRATING WOUNDS OR SKULL FRACTURES.
MENINGES
TOUGH, 3-LAYERED MEMBRANE PROTECTING THE SPINAL CORD AND THE BRAIN.
ANEURYSM CLIP
DEVISED PLACED ON AN ANEURYSM TO PREVENT HEMORRHAGE YET ALLOW COLLATERAL BLOOD FLOW.
NEURO
COMBINING FORM PERTAINING TO A NERVE, NERVOUS TISSUE, OR NERVOUS SYSTEM.
SHUNT OPERATIONS
PREFORMED TO TREAT HYDOCEPHALUS BY DIVERTING EXCESSIVE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID FROM CEREBRAL VENTRICLES TO OTHER BODY CAVITIES WHERE THE FLUID CAN BE ABSORBED.
HEMATOMA
TUMOR OR SWELLING THAT CONTAINS BLOOD.
CRANIECTOMY
INCISION INTO THE SKULL AND REMOVAL OF BONE IN ORDER TO TREAT CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS IN INFANTS.
CRANIO
PREFIX PRETAINING TO THE SKULL
CEBERAL ANGIOGRAPHY
INJECTION OF A CONTRAST MEDIUM INTO THE VESSELS OF THE CRANIUM FOR X-RAY, TO VISUALIZE ANEURYSUMS, TUMORS, OR OTHER VASCULAR LESIONS.
SCALP CLIP
DEVISED PLACED ON SCALP EDGE FOR HEMOSTASIS.
MYELOGRAPHY
CONTRAST MEDIUM IS INJECTED INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE OF THE SPINAL CANAL TO VISUALIZE A HERNIATED DISC, TUMOR, OR OTHER ABNORMALITY.
LAMINA
THE FLATTENED PART OF EITHER SIDE OF THE ARCH OF A VERTEBRA.
ULNA NERVE TRANSPOSITION
INVOLVES SURGICALLY CHANGING THE POSTION OF THE ULNA NERVE WHICH HAS CAUSED PAIN AND DISCOMFORT BECAUSE OF TRAMATIC OR ANATOMICAL PROBLEMS.
DECOMPRESSION
REMOVAL OF PRESSURE.
CVP (CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE) LINES
LINES TO MONITOR PRESSURE WITHIN THE VEOUS SYSTEM.
CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS
PREMATURE OSSIFICATION OF THE SUTURES OF THE SKULL.
GALEA
EPICRANIAL APONEUROSIS WHICH CONNECTS THE BELLIES OF THE OCCIPITOFRONTAL MUSCLES.
NUCLEUS PULPOSUS
CENTER CUSHIONING OF GELATINOUS MASS LYING WITHIN AN INTERVERTEBRAL DISC (OR DISK).
INTERCRANIAL ANEURYSM
LOCALIZED ABNORMAL DILATION OF A BLOOD VESSEL IN THE SKULL; MAY BE DUE TO A CONGENITAL DEFECT OR WEAKNESS OF THE WALL OF THE VESSEL.
MENINGOCELE
CONGENITAL HERNIA WITH THE MENINGES PROTRUDING THROUGH AN OPENING OF THE SKULL OR SPINAL COLUMN.
VENTRICLE
ONE OF THE CEVITIES OF THE BRAIN.
CARPAL TUNNEL RELEASE
DECOMPRESSION OF THE MEDIAN NERVE BY REMOVING PART OF THE ROOF OF THE FIBROUS SHEATH OF THE TRANSVERSE CARPAL LIGAMENT, OR REMOVAL OF THE LUNATE BONE OR VOLAR CARPAL GANGLION.
SPINAL NERVES
31 PAIRS OF NERVES THAT CARRY MESSAGES TO AND FROM THE SPINAL CORD.
COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SCAN
PRODUCES MULTIPLE SEQUENTIAL X-RAYS OF THE BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, OR OTHER AREAS OF THE BODY IN TRANSVERSE (CROSS) SECTIONS.
CRANIOPLASTY
REPAIR OF A SKULL DEFECT RESULTING FROM TRAUMA, MALFORMATION, OR A SURGICAL PROCEDURE; INVILVES COVERING THE DEFECT WITH SOME TYPE OF PROSTHETIC MATERIAL SUCH AS METAL, METHYL METHACRYLATE, SILICONE RUBBER, OR BONE AND CARTLILAGE.
PNEUMONENCEPHALOGRAPHY (PEG)
AIR INJECTED THROUGH A LUMBAR PUNCTURE INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE, X-RAYS REVEAL OUTLINE OF THE VENTRICULAR SYSTEM AND SUBARACHNOID CISTERNS.
TRANSSPHENOIDAL HYPOPHYSECTOMY
REMOVAL OF THE PITUITARY GLAND OR PITUITARY GLAND TUMOR THROUGH A TRASSPHENOIDAL APPROACH.
A-V MALFORMATIONS
THIN-WALLED VASCULAR CHANNELS THAT CONNECT ARTERIES AND VEINS WITHOUT THE USUAL INTERVENING CAPILLARIES; MAY GIVE RISE TO INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE.
ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY
ULTRASONIC WAVES ARE USED TO DETECT BRAIN TUMORS, HEMATOMAS, SWELLING, OR ABSCESSES.
AUTONOMIC NERVES
PARASYMPATHETIC (CRANIOSACRAL) AND SYMPATHETIC (THORACOLUMBAR) NERVES THAT ARE CONNECTED WITH CONTROL OF INVOLUNTARY BODILY FUNCTIONS.
STEREOTAXIS
ACCURATE PLACEMENT OF A PROBE, NEEDLE, OR ELECTRODE INTO A SPECIFIC LOCATION IN THE BRAIN IN ORDER TO TREAT, BIOPSEY, OR DESTROY TISSUE IN THE TARGET AREA.
LUMBAR SYMPATHECTOMY
EXCISION OF A SEGMENT OF THE LUMBAR SYMPATHETIC CHAIN TO TREAT VASOSPASTIC DISORDERS AND SELECTED CASES OF PERIPHERAL VASCULAR INSUFFICIENCY; RESULTS IN INCREASED CIRCULATION TO THE LOWER EXTREMITIES.
HYDROCEPHALUS
INCREASED ACCUMULATION OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID WITHIN THE VENTRICLES OF THE BRAIN RESULTING FROM AN INTERFERENCE WITH THE NORMAL CIRCULATION AND ABSORPTION OF THE FLUID.
BUR HOLES / TREPHINATION
HOLES ARE DRILLED INTO THE SKULL TO PREFORM NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES.
TIC DOULOUREUX (TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA)
NUEROLOGIC CONDITION OF THE TRIGEMINAL FACIAL NERVE, CHARACTERIZED BY PAROXYSMS OF FLASHING, STABLIKE PAIN RADIATING ALONG THE COURSE OF AMY OF THE THREE BRANCHES OF THE NERVE.
PERIPHERAL NERVE REPAIR (NEURORRHAPHY)
RESTORATION OF CONTINUITY OF A NERVEFOR REGENERATION OF AXON FIBERS FOLLOWING A PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURY.
HERNIATED DISC
RUPTURE OF THE FOBROCARTILAGE SURROUNDING AN INTERVERTEBRAL DOSC, RELEASING THE NUCLEUS PULPOSUS THAT CUSHIONS THE VERTEBRAE ABOVE AND BELOW WITH RESULTING PRESSURE ON THE SPINAL NERVE ROOTS AND PAIN.
PITUITARY TUMOR
BENIGN OR MALIGNANT TUMOR THAT PRESSES ON THE OPTIC CHIASM AND IMPAIRS VISION AND MAY CAUSE SYMPTOMS OF ACROMEGALY.
LUMBAR PUNCTURE
NEEDLE PUNCTUREIS MADE INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE, USUALLY BETWEEN THE 3RD AND 4TH OR 4TH AND 5TH LUNBAR VERTEBRAE.