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69 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a national policy of actively trading w/ foreign countries to foster peave and prosperity
internationalism
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
brinkmanship
a systematic attempt to overthrow a gov. by usuing persons working secretly from within
subversion
large corporations with overseas investments
multinational corp
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limitedwar with out using nuclear weapons
flexible response
a person who believes government power should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
conservative
a person who generally believes the gov shold take an active role in social programs but should not dictate behavior
liberal
the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
nuclear proliferation
an act of rebellion against te established government
insurrection
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an ativity but treated as though it were a single person
corporation
an organization liked to a political party that often controlled local gov.
political machine
that actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller weaker nation
imperialism
relaxation of tensions between the us and its two main communist rivals, USSR and China
detente
belief that people in a territory shold have the ability to choose their own government
self-determination
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
amnesty
factor in an experiment that researchers manipulate so that they can determine its effect
independent variable
Stress and health are thought to have an ___________ since stress goes up as health goes down
negative correlation
form of learning based on the consequences fo actions
operant conditioning
Stimulus that causes as automatic response
unconditioned stimulus
the form of learning that keeps knowledge hidden until it is needed
latent learning
the type of learning that occurs when a person observes and imitates others
observational learning
method of repeating information over and over to keep from forgetting it
maintenance rehearsal
method of remembering information by relating it to information already known
elaborative rehearsal
information stored according to its meaning
semantic code
changing the thoughts one has ina particular situation
cognitive reconstructing
test question that shows if the test taker is answering questions honestly
validity scale
cluster of symptoms that define or describe an illness in a cultural context
culture-bound syndrome
intense, persisitent feelings of anxiety caused by traumatic experience
post-traumatic stress disorder
alernatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another
trade-off
economic system which private citizens own and use the factors or production in order to generate profits
capitalism
desire, ability, and willingness to buy a product
demand
a measure of responsiveness that tells us how a dependent variable such as quantity responds to an independent variable
elasticity
the amount of a product that would be offered for sale at all possible prices that could prevail in the market
supply
any substance that servess as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, and a store of value
money
the quality of life based on the possesion of necessities and luxuries that make life easier
standard of living
privately owned, publicly controlled, central bank of the united states
federal reserve system
government administrators
bureaucracy
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independent of government
civil society
the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
diplomacy
a system in which power is divided between the national and state government
federalism
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
government
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
naturalization
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of the gov
politics
a government in which voters hold sovereign power, elected representatives, responsible to the people, exercise that power
republic
the supreme and absolute authority with in territorial boundaries
sovereignty
the blending or fusing of minority groups into the dominant society
assimilation
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are shared by members of a society
culture
judging others in terms of one's own cultural standards
ethnocentrism
the process of learnin to participate in a group
socialization
the ability to see the link between society and self
sociological imagination
broad ideas about what is good and desirable shared by people in a society
values
rewards or punishment that encourage conformatity to social norms
social sanctions
anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
symbol
behavior that departs from societal or group norms
deviance
the exact position of a place on the earth's surface
absolute location
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
cultural hearth
teh complex communtity of interdependent living things in a given environment
ecosystem
a central point and the surrounding territory linked to it
functional region
relying on one another for goods, services, and ideas
interdependent
the pattern of population in a country, a continent, or the world
population distribution
a place united by specific characteristics
region
of or relating to people who live in the country
rural
producing just enough food for a family of a village to survive
substence agriculture
satisfying the demands fo dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability
appeasment
self-governing
autonomous
a person who speaks out against the regime in power
dissident
a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls teh means of production
socialism
an upper class member whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
aristocracy
the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols
nationalism