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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is Checks and Balances?
A system which each branch limits the power of the other branches
Ex post Facto?
if someone commits something legal but then it is iilegal the bill of rights provide protection from punishment
Reserved Powers are?
Powers to the states
What is the 1st amendment?
Personal and Political Freedoms
The 2nd amendment is?
The right to own a gun
3rd amendment is?
prohibits the quartering of soldiers
What is 4th amendment?
Search warrents and wiretaps
5th amendment is?
rights of accused people
6th amendment is?
right to a speedy trail
7th amendment is?
right to a trail by jury
8th amendment is?
prohibits excessive bail and fines
9th amendment is?
rights of the people
10th amendment?
power of the states
What is Speedy Trail?
prevents the gov. from keeping people in jail for long periods of time while not actually charging them
What is Probable cause?
evidence strong enough to establish presumpation but not proff that an illegal activity took place
What is delegated Powers?
The national government's powers are limited to those delegated, or given, to it in the Constitution.
What is due process?
A fair and regular set of legal steps to be followed with an accused person from arrest through trail
What is the Bll of Rights?
the first 10 amendements to the Constitution
What is the Preamble?
The preamble explains the goals of the new gov. under the Constitution.
What is Habeas Corpus?
orders an officer of the court to bring a prisoner before the court and explain why he is being held
What is the Albany Plan of Union.
It was "a proposal for permenatly uniting the colonies." Benjamin Franklin was the person who thought of this idea. It first attracted little support but after the stamp act people thought more about the idea.
What is Articles of Confederation?
They are the "America's first national constitution" There are 7 articles
What is Confederation Congress?
It is "“Single national governing body created by the Articles of Confederation." It was when 13 states had 1 vote in Congress. The Confederation Congress was the single national governing body created by the Articles of Confederation. Stressed the independence of the separate states.
What is the bad things about the articles?
Congress couldn't declare war, states could print there own money, Congress lacked power to tax.
What is Confederation Congress?
It is "“Single national governing body created by the Articles of Confederation." It was when 13 states had 1 vote in Congress. The Confederation Congress was the single national governing body created by the Articles of Confederation. Stressed the independence of the separate states.
What is the bad things about the articles?
Congress couldn't declare war, states could print there own money, Congress lacked power to tax and they couldn't decide how much money states had to pay.
What is Constitutional Convention? Where did it take place?
Philidelphia Penn state house. well furnished room to gather discuss and work.
Great Compromise?
When delegates finally excepted
Who are the first and last states to be part of the constitution?
Virgina, Delaware.
What is the Constitution?
A writen statement outlining the basic laws or principals by which a country or orgainization is governed.
Legislative (Congress)?
Writes the laws, confirms presidential, appointments, ratifies treaties, appropriates money, declares war
Executive (President)?
Proposes laws, administers the laws, commands armed forces, appoints ambassadors and other officials, conducts foreign policy, negotiates treaties.
Judicial (Supreme Court)?
Interprets the constitution and laws, reviews lower court decisions.