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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
concurrent powers
Powers shared by both the state and national governments. Ex: taxes
reserved powers
Reserved powers are made by the states.

All powers not delegated to the national government of specially denied to the states are reserved
separation of powers
Separation of powers guarantee that no branch of government will be too powerful.
delegated powers
Delegated powers are delegated by the states to the national government.

The nationals governments powers are limited to those delegated, or given, to it in the constitution
Legislative Branch
makes laws
preamble
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish, justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our prosperity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.
checks and balances
Checks and balances is the way that the government branches equalize so no one branch is too powerful.
reserved powers
Reserved powers are made by the states.

All powers not delegated to the national government of specially denied to the states are reserved
article one
legislative branch
article two
executive branch
article three
judicial branch
article four
relations among states
article five
amending the constitution
article six
role of national government
article seven
ratification of the Constitution
powers delegated to the federal government
-Declare war
-Maintain armed forces
-Regulate interstate and foreign trade
-Admit new states
-Establish post offices
-Set standard weights and measures
-Coin money
-Establish foreign policy
-Make all law necessary and proper for carrying out delegated powers
list concurrent powers
-Maintain law and order
-Levy taxes
-Borrow money
-Charter banks
-Establish courts
-Provide for public welfare
list reserved powers
-Establish and maintain schools
-Establish local governments
-Conduct corporate laws
-Regulate business with the state
-Make marriage laws
-Provide for public safety
-Assume other powers not delegated to the national government or prohibited to the states
1st amendment
Freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble, right to petition
2nd amendment
right to bear arms
4th amendment
search and seizure
8th amendment
cruel and unusual punishment
3rd amendment
no soldier in a time of peace can be quartered in and house withought the consent of the owner
5th amendment
rights of accused persons
6th amendment
right to a speedy trial
7th amendment
right to a trial by a jury
9th amendment
rights of the people
10th amendment
rights of the states
The Brady Law
requires a waiting period and background check in order to buy a gun
Double Jeopardy
guarentees a person can not be tried twice for the same offence
probable cause
evidence strong enough to establish presumption but not proof that an illegal activity took place
ex facto law
law that sets a penalty for an act that was legal at the time of the crime
writ of habeas corpus
orders an officer of the court to bring a prizoner and say why they're held
The Albany Plan Of Union
The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal made to unite the colonies permanently.
weakness of the articles
-presidency was a powerless office
-congress lacked the power to tax. Country goes into debt after American revolution
-congress could not declare war or make treaties without the approval of nine states
-states printed own money
-states also established their own interstate commerce of business and trade between states
federalism
Federalism is the system of dividing power between the state and national governments. The power was divided to ensure the states and their citizens an opportunity to make changes to the constitution
executive branch
enforces the laws
judicial branch
interprets the law and settles conflicts over them-decides whether a cast is constitutional or unconstitutional