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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Muslims
people who follow Islam
Caliph
a leader of Islam
Sunni
A branch of Muslims
Shia
A branch o9f Muslims
Qur'an
Islamic holy book
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Embargo
a ban of communication or trade with a country (Iraq was put in an embargo for invading Kuwait)
Shah
old Iranian leader title (king)
Theocracy
government by religion
phosphates
chemical which is common in the region
secular
government and religion seperate
diaspora
a dispersing of Jews
Zionism
the calling to create a Jewish state (Israel)
Mandate
territory gained after WWI (losing countries)
Iran
-Persian Empire
-Conquered by Alexander 300 BC
-Islam came in 600s AD

-Theocracy
-Helped Terrorist groups
-OPEC
-Expert on Islamic law is extreme leader

-Diverse people
-Persia is official language
Afghanistan
mid 1990's taliban
Soviets help (their Vietnam)
Taliban ruled
US attacked, took over Gov.

Taliban had strict laws
Farmers and herding
Becoming Democratic

84 percent muslim
merchants and warriors
Iraq
Mesopotamia
British start Iraq
Iraq overthrew gvmt.
Infvade Kuwait (gulf war)

Until recently, controlled by
Ba'arth (Sadaam Hussein)
2nd largest oil reserve
war w/ iran destroyed economy
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Muslim-75% arab
military
Some rebelled agains Sadaam
Syria
Capital-Damascus (oldest city)
Controlled by Ottoman Empire
French Mandate
Independence 1940s

Hafiz al-Assad
Increased MIllitary
Gvmt. owns majority large industries
Lots of textiles, chemiclas
limestone and phosphates
Lebannon
Small, Mountainous
Controlled Ottoman Empire til
WWI
French Mandate

Muslim & Christian
Pres. always Christian, growing muslims, conflict
Jordan
British drew borders(africa)
Leader put into control by
British
Originally small pop, conflict
refugees
King Hussein good ruler
Poor country, foreign aid
Ottoman Empire
15 &1600s powerful, control lots
WEaken WWi, lost all territory except what's in Asia Minor
Kemal Atuturk
Outlawed fez; traditional hat
Replaced Arabic w/ latin
change 2 metric
Rivers
Jordan, dead sea
resources
not large oil reserves
limmited farming
mineral resources (some)
phospahtes (fertilizer)