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111 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
He ran for president in 1824. He was supported by the westerners. He was a former military hero from Tennessee.
Andrew Jackson
He was a brilliant Cherokee. He made a system of letters for the Cherokee with 86 symbols.
An act that called for the government to negotiate treaties that would send the native Americans west.
Indian Removal Act
The harsh journey for the Native Americans from their home lands to the west. They were forced to go. One Fourth of the people died on the way.
Trail of Tears
They opened up the west by finding the best trails.
Mountain Men
They were people that bought huge areas of land because they thought the cost of the land would increase. Then they sold it in little pieces.
Land Speculator
It led from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe New Mexico.
Santa Fe Trail
It ran from Independence, Missouri to Oregon. Many pioneers traveled on it.
Oregon Trail
People that settled in Utah and were part of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints.
A Mormon leader that led the people out of the U.S. to Utah Then part of Mexico
Brigham Young
He was the son of a bankrupted mine owner. He wanted to be a lawyer but his dad wanted him to be a colonizer. He made Texas a good place to live. He was put in jail because he rebeled for his people.
Stephen Austin
Are the people of Spanish heritage who consider Texas their home.
He was the Mexican president.
Santa Anna
He was at the meeting that was deciding what to do about Santa Anna's troops. He became the leader because he was the only one with military experience.
Sam Houston
He was the leader of another small force fighting for the Texans.
William Travis
He led a band of 25 Tejanos in support of revolt.
Juan Seguin
The battle over the fort Alamo where the Mexicans killed all 183 of the Texans.
Battle of the Alamo
Saying that something is bound to happen.
manifest destiny
It was the treaty that ended the war.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The land that included the lower part of now New Mexico and Arizona that Mexico sold to the U.S.
Gadsden Purchase
Someone who went to California to find gold starting in 1849.
Settlers of Spanish or Mexican descent. That lived in California.
A swiss immigrant. He persuaded Mexico to give him 50,000 aces of land. He made a saw mill there.
John Sutter
John Sutter sent him to build a saw mill on the American River. He found gold there.
James Marshall
When a large number of people went to California to get rich off of gold.
California Gold Rush
People who leave a country.
People who settle in a new country.
The cheapest deck on a ship. It is very full and usually not a great place to be.
The factors that pushed people out of their own country and pulled them to a new country.
push-pull factor
a food shortage.
it is a negative opinion that is not based on facts.
People that were born in a certain Country. Like the Native Americans.
it was a European art style. It stressed the individual, imagination, creativity and emotion.
Instead of protesting with violence it is peacefully refusing to obey laws.
civil disobedience
a meeting to reawaken religious faith.
A campaign to stop drinking alcohol.
temperance movement
A group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions.
labor union
stopping work to demand better conditions.
The head of the first state board of education in the U.S. He called education the great equalizer.
Horace Mann
She discovered that many mentally ill people were put in jail and she tried to stop it. She got 32 hospitals set up.
Dorothea Dix
The movement to end slavery.
Douglass said that he was a thief he stole himself form his master. He was a great speaker and abolitionist. He ran away from his master.
Frederick Douglass
It was a series of escape routes form the South to the North. Run away slaves hid and were freed.
Underground Railroad
She was one of the famous conductors of the under group railroads. She had fainting spells. She went back 19 times to free people and never lost one.
Harriet Tubman
She along with Lucretia Mott were abolitionists. They weren't allowed to speak at a convention because that were women. William Lloyd Garrison joined them and they fought for womens rights also.
She was one of the famous conductors of the under group railroads. She had fainting spells. She went back 19 times to free people and never lost one.
It was a convention for womens rights. It had 100-300 people at it.
Seneca Falls Convention
The right to vote.
He published the Liberator it was a antislavery newspaper. He called it sinful. The South got very angry at him.
William Lloyd Garrison
An act at which the North had to return slaves that had run away if they didn't they could be put in jail or fined. They didn't like being told what to do.
Fugitive Slave Act
she was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
An act that said that Kansas and Nebraska (new states) could decide for themselves if they wanted to be a slave or free state. Otherwise known as Popular soverty.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
He was a slave that sued for his freedom. The supreme court said he didn't have the right to sue because he wasn't a citizen. The North thought the government was siding with the South.
Dred Scott
Lincoln believed that slavery shouldn't spread. Douglas believed that people should have the right to decide for themselves. This made Lincoln and his views known.
Lincoln/Douglas Debate
He was elected president of the Confederacy.
Jefferson Davis
It means to break off.
This is the name the South called themselves when they seceded.
Confederate States of America
He was a very religious man that got a group of people together to free the slaves. He was hanged for treason when he was caught. The North thought of him as a hero.
John Brown
This was the place the Civil War began.
Fort Sumter
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, they were states that bordered states in which slavery was illegal.
Border State
He declined Lincoln when he asked if he would be the Norths general he became the south's instead.
Robert E. Lee
this is when armed forces prevent the transportation of goods or people into or out of an area.
his was the first major battle of the Civil War. 4878 people died in it.
Battle of Bull Run/Manassas
Is a gun with a grooved edge that causes a bullet to spin through the air.
A bullet with a hollow base, the guns shoot farther and are more accurate.
minie ball
Are war ships covered in iron.
He was the Union General in the west, and later became the general over the whole army.
Ulysses S. Grant
It took place in Tennessee and turned into the fiercest fighting the Civil War had seen. It was raining that day. Many died.
Battle of Shiloh
Soldiers on horseback.
It was the bloodiest day in all of American history.
It was a law that Lincoln passed that freed all the slaves in the South.
Emancipation Proclamation
they were a regiments of blacks, they were very brave.
54th Massachusetts Regiment
Northern democrats who favored peace with the South.
A draft
cash payments for volunteered to fight.
a tax on an earning
income tax
She was trained as a school teacher but was working for the government as a nurse in the front lines. She founded the American Red Cross.
Clara Barton
The Union won. Many died. The Union lost 23,000 and South lost 28,000.
Battle of Gettysburg
He fought a total war and made it so Lincoln was reelected.
William Tecumseh Sherman
A town in Virginia that was were the Surrender was made.
Appomattox Court House
The amendment that set all the slave free.
Thirteenth Amendment
The process the federal government used to readmit the Confederate states to the Union.
The Vice- President when Lincoln was President that became President when he died.
Andrew Johnson
Laws that white men in the South set that limited the freedom of former slaves.
black codes
A bill the Congress passed while being urged on by Radicals, it granted rights to all citizens. It said that everyone born in the U.S. was a citizen.
civil rights
It said that all people born in the U.S. were citizens and had the same rights. It also said that an state that denied blacks the right to vote would not get to be in Congress.
Fourteenth Amendment
When a worker rented a plot of land to farm. The owner provided tools, seeds, and housing. When it was time for harvest the owner got some of the profit.
Killing with a hanging.
It stated that citizens could not be stopped from voting on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Fifteenth Amendment
The beginning of the Great Depretion. Some banks closed which caused railroads to stop and a lot less money.
Panic of 1873
When the voting was so close for president that they made compromises
Compromise of 1877
Tade that involved three stops, America, Africa, and the West Indies.
Triangular Trade
This was a movement that emphasized reason, cause and effet and the secintific method.
The supreme law of the land
This plan counted each slave as part of a person for the purpose of reprensentation/taxation.
Three-fiths compromise
This is the name gived to the first ten amendmenst.
Bill of Rights
This means taht the people rule.
Popular Sovereignty
He was the leader of the Sons of Liberty. He was a firey speaker who urged the colonists to resist British control. He led the Boston Tea Party.
Samuel Adams
This man was a scientist, inverntor, great statesman and inventor of the bifocals.
Benjamin Franklin
This document told the world what King George had done to us. It stated that we wanted to be free from England.
Delclaration of Indepedence
These are crops like grain or tobacco that are grown to be sold or traded.
Cash crops
division of our governmet into three different branches
Separation of powers
He was a newspaper publisher who criticized the governor of New Yorkl he won court. This led to freedom of the press.
John Peter Zenger
The land west of the Mississippi River purchased in 1803 for 3 cents an acre; purchased by Thomas Jefferson. Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase
The heads of the government departments that advise, or help the president.
The machine that cleaned as muc as fifty pounds of cotton in a day.
Cotton gin
Inventor of the cotton gin.
Eli Whitney
Agreement alowing Missouri to be added to the union as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Missouri Compromise
A theory that says that states can judge when the federal government has passed an unconstitutional law.
State' Rights
Early 1800's in Americal factory machines replaced hand tools.
Indstrial Revolution
A lawyer who wrote the national anthem "The Star Spangled Banner"
Francis Scott Key
This man was chosen by President Jefferson to lead the Corps of Dixcovery into the west and explore the Louisiana Purchase.
Meriwether Lewis