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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 4 Calvin Laws?
1. Bible access for everyone
2. No wickedness: dancing or cards
3. No rude songs
4. 9pm curfew
What are the 3 different types of Protestants?
Calvinists, Anglicans, Lutherans.
What did Martin Luther nail to the church door?
95 theses
What did Luther burn in public?
A bull issued by Pope Leo X, which excommunicates Luther.
Why did people want to be Protestants?
1. High church taxes(tithes)
2. Scandals with the pope(marrying and having children)
3. Poor unfairly taxed
4. God saves through faith, not money.
How did Marin Luther spread Protestantism?
Using the printing press he made the bible in several languages and gave many speeches.
How did the Catholicas try to stop Protestantism?
1. Threatened excommunication
2. Massacred Prostestants
3. Used propaganda, the Inquisition, and Council of Trent
Define Inquisition.
The church put non-believers on trials and killed them.
What happened on the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre?
Queen of France, Catherine de Medici, is at a wedding and orders all Protestants at the wedding to be killed.It starts a religious war.
King Henry the Eighth
Started the Protestant church in England.
Leonardo Da Vinci
A great painter, inventor, engineer, and scientist. Ideal "renaissance man".
Ddesigns first helicopter, tank, parchute, flying machine. Never finished his book on human anatomy. Notes written backwards. Getatest accomplishment: Mona Lisa.
Galileo Galilei
Studied to be medical doctor but became interested in astronomy and physics instead. Built a great telescope. Came to conclusion that Earth revolves around Sun. It went against teachings of Church so had house arrest.
Michelangelo
Sculptor and painter. Had firey temper. Famous for fresco paintings and statue of David.
Machiavelli
A writer/politician who was a victim of politics. Wrote the book The Prince, about ideal ruler(wise and cruel)
Shakespeare
writer of english literature/plays.
Purgatory
The place between Heaven and Hell where a soul waits.
Nepotism
Hiring your friends, family or people who give you money for a job.
Erasmus
Famous humanist. Writer and teacher. Critical of Church in his books, so Charles V made reading them a capital offence.
Indulgences
Paying preists to forgive your sins. Or payying to buy time from staying purgatory.
Black Death
Also called the Bubonic Plague and kills 25 million people.
City-states
Independant city which runs itself like a nation
Hinterland
Rural area immediately surrounding city
Flying buttress
Archway that supports a wall
bull
-official order from the pope with his seal("bulla") attached
Reform
-called Council of Trent, which confirmed of Church's approval of everything the reformers objected to
-also said that the bible could only be interpreted properly by the church
Propaganda
-banned books that may lead Catholics to question dogma
-works of Luther and Galileo were forbidden
-commissioned artists to emphasize glory and good deeds of Church and saints