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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dynastic order
qin
han
sui
tang
song
yuan
ming
dynastic cycle
-restores peace
-appoints legal officers
-redistributes land to peasants
-builds canals, irrigation systems, and roads
-repairs defensive walls
mandate of heaven
-right to rule with heaven's blessings. if you rule badly, you lose the mandate
tang
-the middle kingdom expands
-set up schools to train bureaucrats
-china conquers territories deep into central asia. armies also force neighboring lands of vietnam, tibet, and korea to become tributary states
-restore previous han systems of uniform and government
-enlarge civil service
-developed a felxible law code
-built canals and dams
encouraged trade and transportation (silk road)
song
-golden age
-chinese economy expanded new development in rice farming (two rice crops a year)
-surplus of rice means that people could pursue activities such as commerce, learning, or the arts
-built better ships to promote trade
-porcelain arts (ceramics) invented
-government issued paper money
-cities with million + population
yuan
kublai khan
-controled: china, korea. tibet and vietnam

-attmpted to combine chinese confucianism and their own laws
-resulted in an uneasy period where the top levels or the bureaucracy were fulled by mongols but local officails still controlled the provinces
-role of women expanded
-important foreign visitors attended mongols' court: ibn battuta and marco polo
organization and movement of chinese society
emperor
court
gentry
peasants
merchants
confucianism
-developed by confucius
-5 basic relationsips:
--ruler and sybject
--parent and child
--husband and wife (paternal)
--older brother and younger brother
--friend and friend
-concerned with life on earth (no mandate of heaven)
-desired a return of harmony
taoism
-founded by lao-tze
-philosophy and religion
--simplicity
--meditation
--a closeness with nature
-concerned with the acheivements of a good society
-ying-yang
-technoligical d3vlopment in astronomy. chemistry and botany, gunpwder, magnetic compass
buddhism
-founded by siddhara guatama
-originated in india
-four noble truths:
--suffering and misery are universal
--follow the middle way
--escape from want and desire; end suffering
--cause of suffering is desire
-nirvana: wanting nothing