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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
locate close with, and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver
Mission of the Rifle Squad in offensive combat
Technique of advance in which parts of the maneuver element simultaneously fire and move by bounds
Fire and Movement
defeat the enemy
Purpose of the offensive
commander's first priority must be to locate and gain contact with the enemy

may vary from close combat to obervation only

provides us with knowledge of the enemy's location, disposition, and movement
Gain and maintain contact
Closely related to gaining and maintaining contact

consists of those actions taken to determine the strength and composition, and disposition of the enemy

assists the commander in developing his plan
Develop the situation
attacker masses combat power to provide local superiorty at the decisive place and time

main effort

receives priority for all forms of support
Concentrate superior combat power at the decisive time and place
attacker avoids enemy strengths and attacks with maximum speed and combat power against enemy weakness

tactical error, faulty disposition, poor morale, insufficient support and numerical strength
Exploit know enemy weakness
Commander seeks to control or neutralize key terrain features

advantage of observation, cover and concealment, and fields of fire

control avenues of approach, and provide security
Seize or control key terrain
Paramount goal for the commander is to seize and retain the initiative

dictate the terms of the battle instead of having to react to the actions of the enemy
Gain and retain the Initiative
attacker makes every effort ot disrupt and degrade the enemy ability to react to the attacker's scheme of maneuver
Neutralize the enemy ability to react
attack is characterized by fire and maneuver combined and controlled to create a preponderance of combat power
Advancing by fire and maneuver
the increase of combat power gained from seizing the initative and attacking rapidly and aggressively
Maintaining momentum
attack must be pressed relentlessly to prevent the enemy from recovering from the initial shock and reconstituting a cohesive defense or launching a counterattack
Exploit Success
Whether a force is assembling, on the march, or in combat

Each unit is responsible for its own security, regardless of security provided by other units
Provide for the security in the force
commander's employment of all supporting arms

must support the scheme of maneuver
Fire Support Plan
Receipt of the warning order
Planning and coordination
Reconnaissance and rehearsals
Issue the order
Logistic preparation
assembly area, attack position, line of departure
Preparation Phase
Passing through the assault position
Gaining contact with the enemy
Movement to the objective area
Advance by fire and maneuver
Assault against the enemy
Consolidation and Reorganization

Crossing of the line of Departure
Conduct Phase
Every conceivable advantage
Think and plan beyond the objective
Pursue by fire and maneuver during consolidation
Exploitation operations
Pursuit of the enemy

Commences with the capture of the assigned objective
Exploitation Phase
The tactical plan to be executed by a force in order to seize the assigned objective
Scheme of Maneuver
Easy to control and maneuver
Excellent for speed of movement
narrow covered routes of advance, maneuvering through gaps, areas receiving hostile artillery fire

Vulnerable to fire from the front

Used for night operations
Squad column
good control
all around security
fire is adequate in all directions
Squad wedge
Facilitates movement into squad line
Firepower to front and flanks
all around security
enemy is to the front and his strength and location are known
Squad Vee
Maximum firepower to front
During the assault mopping up and crossing short open areas
Squad line
heavy firepower to the front and flanks

protect an open or exposed flank
Squad echelon
area in which a command is assembled preparatory to further actions

weapons are checked, ammunition distributed, troops are allowed to rest
Assembly area
the last concealed and covered position short of the line of departure

final coordination, last minute preparations, initial attack formations

occupied minimum time necessary
Attack position
coordinate the beginning of an attack

easily recognizable on the ground

perpendicular to the direction of attack
Line of Departure
Easily identifiable points on the terrain

Control movement

reference point for reporting locations of friendly units
Check points
technique of advance in which one element moves while being supported by another element
Fire and Maneuver
Part of the force

maneuvering force to influence future actions

purpose is to enter the action offensively at the proper time and place to ensure the victory
most frequently used form of maneuver by the squad

less time for coordination

attack moves against the enemy's strength
Frontal attack
Deceive the enemy

Destroy or pin down enemy forces

Force enemy to commit reserve prematurely

an offensive operation carried out in conjunction with the main attack
Support attack
position designated between the line of departure and the objective where the unit completes it final deployment
Assault Position
Used to coordinate the ceasing or shifting of the direct and indirect fire

Covering fires must be maintained on the enemy as long as possible
final coordination line
Physical object of the action taken

hostile force, a terrain feature, a center line of communications, vital locality, destruction, capture, or control of which ensures the achievement of the purpose of attacking
Squad maneuving against the enemy's flank is normally covered by a supporting attack conducted by another squad acting as the base of fire
Single envelopment
offensive operation conducted to develop the situation and to establish or regain contact with the enemy

provide flexible and rapid exploitation of the contact gained

procedures must be practiced and thoroughly rehearsed
Movement to contact
Purpose is to defeat, destroy, or neutralize the enemy
enemy may still be capable of fielding cohesive units after becoming attacked

attacker extends the destruction of the defending force by maintaining constant offensive pressure
Enemy resistance has completely broken down

annihilation of the enemy forces