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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cell
basic unit of structure and function in organisms
cell membrane
outside boundary of a cell; controls what enters or leaves a cell- like a window screen
cell wall
rigid layer of non-living material that surrounds the cells of plants- like picture frame
chloroplast
captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food
mitochondria
produces most of the energy needed to carry out cell functions- like a powerhouse
nucleus
control center of the cell directs activities and cell's characteristics- like a brain
DNA (Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid)
the genetic material that carries the information about and organism; passed from parent to offspring
Heredity
the passing of traits from from parents to offspring
Inheritance (inherit)
traits and physical characteristics passed on by parents
selective breeding
the process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to produce new offspring with those traits
traits
the physical characteristics an organisms can pass onto its offspring
gene
a section of DNA that controls a trait that an organism inherits
organ
a structure in the body that is made of groups of tissues- like the heart or brain
organ system
a group of organs that work together to perform a major function in the body- like the circulatory system
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism- like skin