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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ASPECTS IN TRAINING STRESS
psychological and physiological
POINT OF VIEW
always looked at from seasonal point of view
EUSTRESS
enriches our lives (positive stress)
DISTRESS
imbalance between demands put on us and the resources available
S.A.I.D.
specific adaptations to impose demands
TRAINING PLATEAU
"detraining"; training just as hard but results are worse
STALENESS
initial failure phase of body's adaptive mechanism to cope with psychophysiological stress

NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH SLUMP
SLUMP
decrease in skill-specific performance
(5) causes of staleness
1. acute- too much stress
2. accumulative- repetitive, low level of stress
3. boredom- loss of interest
4. improper rest and nutrition
5. low grade illness
(6) symptoms of staleness
1. slumps (performance decreases or no progress)
2. anxiety
3. boredom
4. loss of intensity
5. decreased motivation
6. chronic fatigue
expectancy of staleness
to be expected; eaily remediated with rest and proper nutrition
Define OVERTRAINING
repeated failure of body's adaptive mechanisms to cope with chronic training stress resulting in psychophysiological malfunction
(4) Causes of Overtraining
1. acute
2. accumulative- moderate to high levels of stress
3. demands exceed resources
4. failure to meet training and competitive goals
(14) symptoms of overtraining
1. chronic anxiety and depression
2. excessive use of defense mechanisms
3. withdrawn sullen and agry
4. inability to cope with minor stressors
5. sleep disturbances
6. severe fatigue (mental/physical)
7. chronic illness
8. increased heart rate
9. failure of HR to return to normal
10. thermoregulation problems
11. WBC count drops (eusinophil)
12. Lactic acid increase
13. mild hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
14. intial depletion
DEFINE BURNOUT
exhaustive psychophysiological response exhibited as a result of the perception "no retunr on the investment"
(1960s)
(6) Causes of Burnout
1. failure to cope with high level and constant stress "no escape"
2. chronic negative affect- iceburg graph upside down
3. unrealistic expectations of self and others
4. demand for perfection vs aspiration for excellence
5. failing to meet competition goals
(12) Symptoms of Burnout
1. depletion- physical/emotional exhaustion
2. desire to give up
3. use of projection
4. profound cynicism
5. alienation
6. emotional isolation
7. withdrawal from others
8. sleep disturbances
9. decreased productivity
10. change in values or behaviors
11. substance abuse
12. withdrawal from career