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17 Cards in this Set

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how injuries happen: psychological antecedents
personality factors- not successfully identified
stress levels- people with high levels of life stress have more sport- and exercise-related injuries
explaining the stress-injury relationship: attentional disruption
stress disrupts an athlete's attention by reducing peripheral attention and causing distraction and task-irrelevant thoughts
explaining the stress-injury relationship: increased muscle tension
high stress can cause muscle tension and coordination interference
explaining the stress-injury relationship: other explanations
- overemphasis on acting tough and a "giving 110%" attitude
- failure to distinguish between normal discomfort and injury pain
- "you're injured, you're worthless" attitude
psychological components of injury recovery: psychological stress increases...
hormones that impair the movement of healing immune cells to the injured site
psychological components of injury recovery: prolonged stress may also...
decrease the actions of insulin-like growth hormones that are critical during the rebuilding process
psychological components of injury recovery: stress also...
causes sleep disturbance, another factor identified in interfering with physiological recovery
psychological reactions to injuries
three general categories:
1. injury-relevant information processing
2. emotional upheaval and reactive behaviors
3. positive outlook and coping
other injury reactions
identity loss, fear and anxiety, lack of confidence, performance decrements
signs of poor adjustment to athletic injury
anger/confusion, obsession w/ return date, denial, coming back to soon and reinjuring, exaggerated bragging, dwelling on minor physical complaints, guilt, withdrawal, mood swings, depression
rehabilitation and recovery phases: injury or illness phase
focus on helping the athlete understand the injury
rehabilitation and recovery phases: rehabilitation or recovery phase
focus attention on helping sustain motivation and adherence to rehabilitation protocols
rehabilitation and recovery phases: return to full activity phase
although an athlete is physically cleared for participation, complete recovery does not happen until competitive functioning occurs
injury rehab - sport psychologists
build rapport with the injured party; educate the injured person about the injury and recovery process; teach coping skills; teach how to cope with setbacks; foster social support; learn from injured athletes
injury rehab - injured athlete
accept and positively deal with situation; focus on quality training; find and use medical resources; set goals; work on mental skills training; maintain a competitive environment and involvement
injury rehab - coaches
foster coach-athlete contact and involvement; demonstrate positive empathy and support; understand individual differences in injury and injury emotions; have patience and realistic expectations; don't repeatedly mention injury in training
injury rehab - sports med personnel
educate and inform athletes about injury and rehabilitation; be warm, open, and not overly confident; foster positive interaction and customize training; demonstrate confidence and competence; encourage client's confidence