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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-ga
subject
-o
object
-ni
"toward" "in"
-mo
"also"
-kara
"from"
-made
"up to" "until"
-de
"by means of" "in;at" (activity marker)
-to
"together with"
-wa
topic marker
present affirmative verb
verb+masu
negative present verb
verb+masen
past affirmative verb
verb+mashita
past negative verb
verb+masen-dashita
affirmative present adjective
adjective+idesu
past affirmative adjective
adjective+kattadesu
present negative adjective
adjective+kuna-idesu
past negative adjective
adjective+kuna-kattadesu
i-desu
"is good"
yo-kattadesu
"was good"
yo-kuna-idesu
"isn't good"
yo-kuna-kattadesu
"wasn't good"
present affirmative noun
noun+desu (is)
present negative noun
noun+jana-idesu (isn't)
past affirmative noun
noun+deshita (was)
past negative noun
noun+jana-kattadesu (wasn't)
ne
"sleep"
e
tabe
eat
e
oboe
memorize
e
oshie
teach
e
mise
show
e
mi
see
i
ki
come
i
shi
do
i
ai
meet
i
machi
wait
i
kaeri
go home
i
yobi
invite
i
shini
die
i
kaki
write
i
oyogi
swim
i
hanashi
speak
i
type 1 verb
If the stem is an (e) ending stem, contains only one syllable, or ends with -shi, add -te to the stem

hanashi-> hanashi-te
Type 2 verb
If the stem ends with -i, -chi, or -ri, replace those syllables with the double consonant and add -te

eg. ai-> at-te
type 3
If the stem ends with -mi, -bi, or -ni, replace those syllables with -N and add -de

eg.
nomi-> non-de
type 4
If the stem ends with -ki, replace that syllable with -i, and add -te. If the stem ends with -gi, replace that syllable with -i and add -de.

eg.
kaki-> kai-te
oyogi-> oyoi-de