Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/64

Click to flip

64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
IDEA 97 Components
Person-first language
Least Restrictive Enviornment
Individualized Education Program
Due Process Right
Due Process Hearing
Non-discriminatory Assessment
Related Services
Free Appropriate Public Education
What are five learning disabilities?
vision impairment
Hearing impairment
emotional impairment
physical impairment
cognitive impairment
IEP
Individualized Education Program
Every child should have an individualized prgram based on their needs
7 steps of IEP
Pre-referral
Referral
Evaluation-standardized and informal testing (interview, observation)
Assessment of Eligibility
Development of the IEP
Implementation
Annual Review
How often does a child need to be re-referred for IEP?
Every three years
Who attends IEP meetings?
Parent
Child (sometimes)
School district REP
Gen Ed Teacher
Evaluation performer
What does standardized testing do?
Finds weaknesses/strengths
If there is a disability
What it is
Severity
Prognosis/Treatability
Learning Disability
a discrepancy between actual and expected achievement in a gen ed classroom
What causes learning disabilities?
Not sure
premies
runs in the family
we can predict the issues that will arise
5 Characteristics of a child with a learning disability
distractability
hyperactive behavior
inattentiveness
impulsiveness
poor motor coordination
Children with LD are usually...
unmotivated or unstructured learners
have normal cognitive abilities
normal, average IQ
learn differently than the majority of us
What is the largest category of children with special needs? Why?
Learning Disabilities
-socially acceptable
-explains kids that may not fit in
Most kids with a LD have problems in what area?
Language-related
-communication
-reading
-writing
By what grade do we begin to see LD's?
3rd because of independent reading and writing
What are characteristics of the social skills of a child with a LD?
-make poor decisions
-less socially acceptable behavior
-can't predict the consequences to their behavior
-adapt to the charateristics of the person they are interacting with
-victimized more often
Signs of ADD in adolescents
restlessness
depression
academic difficulties
procrastination
difficutly following directions
Signs of ADHA in preschool children
Excessive busyness
resistance to routines
talks too much
agressive in play
easily upset or frusterated
Signs of ADHD in school age children
noisiness
interrupting
bossiness
less sharing
self-centered
What are five ways we can help children with ADHD?
Make Lists
Color code things
Planner with external mechanisms
Post-it notes
Mnemonics
-verbal rehearsal and associations, chunking
What is specific SLI?
The child is only speech and language impaired
What are the basics of communication?
Language
Body Language
TOne of Voice
Facial Expression
Writing
Speaker
Message
Receiver
Opportunity
Speech Language Pathologist
does the evaluation and direct treatment
Speech
mechanical producation of sound
Componenets of Speech
Articulation
Voice
Fluency
Articulation
the ability to make sounds accurately and clearly and problem solve
Voice
How your voice sounds with regard to abuse of the vocal cords
Fluency
rhythmic speech
stuttering
Language
rule based system
Components of Language
Phonology
Semantics
Syntax
Phonology
rules for sound patterns of a language
Phonemes
sounds associated with a language
there are 45 in english
Phonological Process
rules that kids develop when trying to figure out how the language works
-substitution/deletion
Syntax
rules for sentence structure
Semantics
meaning of words and language
Pragmatics
the use of language in a social context
Components of Pragmatics
Word Choice
Turn Taking
Topic maintainence
Socially appropriate behavior
-eye contact, touching, etc.
Language Difference
Background
-country
-accent
-dialect
Language delay
developmental issue
the child is not where we expect them to be
Components of Language delay
-speech and language impairment
-chronological age and mental age/cognitive abilities vs. language age
-many kids do not grow out of this
Prevalance of Language Delay
2% of them are SLI
Causes of Language Delay
Autism
Chronic ear infections
Family history of SL problems
Premies
Cleft lip or palate
Epilepsy
Characteristics of a child with speech impairment
-consistent and age-inappropriate articulation errors
-dysfluencies in rhythm
-poor voice quality
-excessively loud or soft
Characteristics of children with language impairment
-hard time in the classroom
-can't follow oral directions
-can't match letters to sounds
-inadequate vocab
-poor conception formation
-difficulty conversing
-can't express personal needs
What can we do for SL children?
-Speech Pathologist Intervention
-Augmentative and ALternative communication
-Help in the gen ed classroom
Speech Pathologist intervention
Conduct evaluation
Design treatment
one-on-one treatment
AAC
Voice output device
Support in the Gen Ed Classroom
create opprotunities where the child has to communicate
-sabotage
-interesting material
-choice making
-inadequate materials
-items out of reach
Cognitive Impairments
significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing with defeceits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period
-Subaverage intellectual functioning
-Adaptive Behavior
-Developmental Period
Subaverage intellectual functioning
borderline
mild
moderate
severe
profound
Adaptive Behavior
How do they function? What can they do?
Communication
Self-care
Home-living
Social Skills
Leisure
Community Use
Self-direction
Health and Safety
Work
Developmental Period
To obtain FAPE, their CI must appear during the development period
Causes of CI
Down Syndrome
Environmental disadvantage
FAS
Fragile X Syndrome
Learning Characteristics of children with CI
attention difficulties
Lower concentration on complex tasks
Memory Issues
-time confuses them
How children with CI learn
They learn by experiencing it for themselves and tons of examples
-They do not learn incidentaly or by generaliztions
CI Communication Characteristics
Verbal Communicator
Vocal Nonverbal Communicator
Nonverbal Communicator
Verbal Communicator
mild to upper moderate
Their speech intelligibility varies
-depends of context, listener, emotion
May use non-verbal cues
Vocal Nonverbal Communicator
Low moderate to severe
Sounds
-content or upset
Vocalizations
-anger, fear, joy
Non-verbal communicator
lower severe to profound
Body quieting
orienting
many are never given the opportunity to communicate
How to identify CI
Standardized test (usually IQ)
Assessment of:
-adaptive living skills
-emotional development
-overall health
How they function in different environments
Develop goals and levels of support
How do we work with preschool children with CI?
Early intervention
-PPI (Pre-primary impairment class)
-teach them young
-narrow age level gap
-prevent negatives
-more money when younger=less money when older
-change IQ
How do we work with Elementary and Secondary Kids with CI?
Fuctional Academics
Vocational Skills
Self-advocacy
Transitions
Functional Academics
teachings are important and relevant
Vocational Skills
Responsibility
Reliability
Advocate for themselves
Run equipment
Transitions
moving toward social services
find a job
live independently
communicate