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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Speech
way of conveying language
a form of expressing language
sounds that are symbols so other s understand
one way of expressing: written, hand signals, body language
Articulation disorders
sounds produced by timing and integration of mouth, tongue, lips, soft palette and muscles
functional rule problems (accent)
lsips
sound substitutions
additions
ommissions
distortions
organic problems/neurologic
clef lip/palette
dysarthria
Stuttering
can be caused by stress
organic- brain or nonorganic- learned
distrubance in timing, patterns or fulency of speech (stuck trying to say a word)
audible or silent (blocking)
syllable repetition
elongate words
interjection of other sounds
cicumlocution: around the block in regards to words
circumlocution
word is being blocked so person goes around the word and then finds a different word to substitute instead
BiBiBiBiBi=> large
voice disorders
problem with vocal cords- dangerous to cords
causing problems with pitch, quality, nasality of voice
paralyses of 2 cords- 1 or both
hysterical aphomia: psychological not speaking
tracheostomy or tracheotomy
polyps/growths
tracheotomy
surgical incision resulting in a tracheostomy
tracheostomy
person who has a laryngectomy then needs a new place to breathe so perofm surgically opening in trachea
stoma
make opening permanent in neck
laryngectomy
person can't utilize vocal cords
1. esophogeal speech
2. electrical larynx
airways frokm nose and mouth sealed
removal of larynx- switching mecahnism between throat and stomach
laryngectomee
person who has had a laryngectomy due to cancer
hysterical aphomia
non organic inability to speak
Esophogeal speech
procedure by which people who have a laryngectomy and tracheostomy speak
swallow air through esophgus and release in controlled burpes to speak
Electrical larynx
holds "razor" to throat- does vibrating
person moves mouth resulting in mechanical sounds
Language
sizable set of symbols combined in systematic ways and used by one or ore persons to convey ideas and emotions
all language disorders result of brain dysfunction, result of CVA, TBI, CP
Lobes in language disorders
1. Frontal lobe:
Motor
Broca's aphasia
Expressive
2. Occiptal lobe:
Vision
Reading
3. Temporal and/or Parietal lobes:
Receptive
Wernicke's aphasia
Anomia
inability to name things
part of expressive/broca's disorders
Acalculia
inability to calculate
part of expressive/broca's disorders
Broca's aphasia
Expressive disorder
impairment in expressive language
difficulty in fluency, putting words together
frontal lobe- damage
word finding problems
grammar and syntax problems
get very frustrated- understand what saying doesn't make sense
Wernicke's aphasia
Temporal and/or parietal
receptive aphasia
cannot understand what they are saying so things come out wrong
normal ability to express
neologism: make up new words
Neologism
make up new words
Global aphasia
combination of both receptive (wernicke's) and expressive (Broca's aphasia)
Apraxia
due to organic problem in frontal lobe
difficulty organizing and coordinating series of events necessary to speak
motor functioning
not language issue
CP, CVA, stroke, blockage of functioning
spontaneous versus intentional functioning
Cleft lip/palette
surgically can be repaired
cleft palette- conductive hearing loss
Eustachian tube- fluid backe dup into middle ear
Dysarthria
inability to motorically move muscles to make sounds
CP, CVA, TBI