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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The introduction contains what to what percent of the speech?
10-20% of the speech.
How can you get the attention of your audience?
telling a story, asking questions, analogies, illustrations, anecdotes, startling startling statement, and quotations.
What needs to be in the background/need part of the introduction?
history or origin or subject, citing of first source, time in comparison to what is happening today, define unfamilar words related to topic, provide case studies or surveys with statistics, the need for the information, and showing its importance by relating the topic to audience.
What needs to be in the SP/CI (Specific Purpose/Central Idea) part of the introduction?
what speaker hopes to accomplish inorder to focus listener in direction speaker plans to develop in discussion/body of speech. It is the thesis statement, a simple, declarative sentence that refines specific purpose by previewing audience to main points speaker plan to develop in discussion/body of speech.
How many points should the main points be?
between 2-5 points.
The conclusion contains what to what percent of the speech?
5-10% of the speech.
What are three tips for an effective conclusion?
1)signal end of speech (in conclusion...) 2)summarize speech (restate SP/CI from introduction in summary with topic sentence from each of main points in body) 3)make memorable or dramatic statement (could be quote, poem, story or a restatement of statistic cited in intro. or body).
What are five cautions regarding conclusion of speech?
1)do not end speech abruptly 2)no new point 3)avoid extremes of tiresome summary 4)have no false conclusion, when indicating going to end do so 5)be specific, say no more than necessary in conlusion.
Smiles, head nods, clapping, and eye contact from audience members are all forms of what?
feedback.
culture, gender, and ethnic background are all forms of what?
rhetoric of diversity.
When selecting and narrowing a speech topic, the speaker needs to consider what?
the audience, occasion, and speakers colification.
what are the three types of general speech purposes?
to inform, persuade, and to entertain.
what type of speech reinforces attitudes, believes, values, or behaviors?
a persuasive speech.
what aspect of speech preperation of introduction will be developed in body?
the central idea.
What is the purpose of the introduction?
to get audiences' attention and to get an overview.
What are the three major divisitions of a speech?
the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
What is the specific purpose of a speech?
what the speaker wants the audeience to remember, do, or feel after speech.
What does the textbook say is the best way to memorize a speech?
to practice reading aloud.
What does and audience centered speaker do?
they analize the audiences' feedback.
In order to establish common ground with audience, speaker should what?
try to maximise similarities and minimize differences with audience.
What are the four rules of listening?
to listen actively, emphatically, supportively, and for total meaning.
What are three simple techniques that may prove useful in learning the process of active listening?
paraphrasing, echoing, and questioning. In paraphrasing state in own words what you think speaker meant; in echoing you echo the feelings you felt the speaker expressed or implied; and in questioning you ask questions to be sure that you understand the speaker's thoughts and feeling and to secure additional information.