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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hearing
the absorption of sound waves by the human ear
listening
comprehending what is heard
communication apprehension
fear or anxiety associated with either real or anticipated communication with another person or persons
public speaking
a particular type of communication in which one individual is more or less responsible for creating and initiating a message presented to a specific audience
symbols
letters, images, or gestures that represent, or stand for, something else
idenfication
the sharing of identities, beliefs, values, attitudes, and feelings between speaker and audience member.
opportunity
speakers reason for speaking
constraints
the factors that influence an audience's response to a speech, including speaker and audience behaviors and situational factors.
audience
the ppl who listen to a speech and are capable of responding to its message
general purpose
the broad overall goal for the speech
informative speech
a speech designed to tell your audience about something or someone
persuasive speech
a speech designed to change the beliefs, actions, or behaviors of your audience
special occasion speech
a speech that is based primarily upon its situaion
topic
the general subject of your speech
speech outcome
a specific, measurable goal you hope to achieve in the speech.
thesis
the one sentence that captures the essence of the speech
audience analysis
a systematic, thoughtful process of learning about your audience
demographics
tangible characteristics of your audience, such as age, sex, or race
pychographics
the attitudes, values, and beliefs of your audience
belief
idea about what is true or false
value
guide that helps us evaluate particular behaviors
attitude
enduring set of beliefs and values organized around a topic or issue that predispose us positively or negatively toward a particular behavior
main points
the divisions in the body of your speech
organizational pattern
a formula that determines the order of your main points
connectives
words or phrases that help your audience follow the order of your speech
outline
a skeletal picture of what you hope to communicate in a a speech or paper
introduction
the first few sentences of your speech that gain the audience's attention, establish significance, credibility, and common ground, state the thesis, and preview the main points
common ground
the ways in which the speaker and audience are similar
conclusion
the last few sentences of the speech that signal the end of the speech, review the main points, restate thesis, and clinches audience action and attention
speaker-generated supporting materials
include credibility, motivational appeals, and reasoning
credibility
the degree to which an audience believes, trusts, and is moved by a speaker
motivational appeals
call on the audience member's feelings or psychological needs
Maslow's Hierchy of Needs
a theory that says humans are motivated by one or more of five basic needs
evidence
info that you find from other sources to illustrate or support your points
examples
events, ppl, or situations that represent other events, people or situations
statistic
quantitive representation of info
testimony
a statement from a qualified individual that interprets examples or statistics
images
photos, drawings, demos, or computer models of a real or imagined event
research journal
a collection of info extracted from longer sources that you will organized and potentially use in your speech.
bibliography
a record of all sources that you have consulted on your speech topic
call number
a number assigned to a book that allows it to be located in the library
book
an in-depth source of info that usually has been reviewed by subject-area experts and editors
periodical
a source that is published on a regular basis, containing a variety of articles about related subject areas.
popular periodical
a periodical that is written by staff reporters for a mainstream audience that has no particular expertise on the subject areas
academic periodical
a periodical that is written by expert researchers for a particular audience that has knowledge about a subject area
government documents
a variety of sources, including hearings and congressional deliberations, published by federal, state, and local governments
search engine
an internet page that allows users to locate other pages on teh Internet using key words or topical categories
interview
a one-on-one conversation with an expert about a particular subject
recency
a test of evidence if the source is current enough to offer insight or support for a speakers ideas
authorship
a test of evidence that evaluates the identity and qulifications of a source
consistency
a test of evidence that evaluates whether a source agrees with itself and other sources
speech development technique
a technique that combines evidence into an interesting and compelling passage.