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32 Cards in this Set

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ADHD
psychiatric disorder with symptoms occuring before age seven that incliudes a pervasive and significant pattern of inattention, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity
Inattentive Type
Major symptom is inattentiveness; lack of organization, forgettfulness
Hyperactive Inpulsive
Major symptoms include high amounts of movement, and inability to stop it
Behavior Inhibition
The ability to regulate one's attention and how it often switches and the behavior that accompanies the ability; problem occurs in students with ADHD
Reconstitution
Mental activity that involves the ability to break down what is observed or learned and to combine parts in order to perform new actions
Self-Directed Speech
Mental activity that enables individuals to reflect on how they are doing to problem solve, and to follow instructions; also known as self-talk
Comorbidity
The simultaneous occurence of two disability, disorders or conditions
Continuous Performance Tests (CPTS)
Assessment instuments designed to require a student to sustain attention in order to respond correctuly to test items
Token Economy
In class system for rewarding students for appropriate behavior with physical gifts such as stickers, craft sticks, or points
Physical Disabilities; Orthopedic Impairments (IDEA)
An impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance including those caused by congenital anamoly, disease or other that cause contractures
Acute
Type of disability that can be treated
Chronic
Type of disability that exist all the time
Progressive
Type of disability that gets worse over time
Cerebral Palsy
Paralysis of the brain; problem with the brain's ability to control muscles
Spina Bifida
Disability in where the bones on the spine are not closed properly
Traumatic Brain Injury
Injury that results in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a child's education performance
Closed Head Injury
No physical damage to the brain
Open Head Injury
Skull is fractured and the membrane surrounding the brain is penetrated
Other Health Impairments
Under IDEA: Means having limited strength, vitality or alertness including a heightened alertness to environment stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment
Epilepsy
A Seizure Disorder; neurological disorder in which damage to the brain leads to periodic sudden, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity that can be seen as seizures
Partial Seizures
One of two categories of Epilepsy; occurs when the electrical discharge affects only part of the brain
Generalized Seizures
Preceded by an aura, a smell, taste or sound; lasts several minutes but often does not require medical assistance
Tonic-Clonic Seizures
Most common type of generalized seizures
Absence Seizure
Happens for only a few seconds; daydreaming extreme; can have over 100 a day
Positioning, Seating, Mobility
posture, sitting properly, transportation
Severe and Multiple Disabilities
Having two or more learning disability in which a special educartion classroom cannot solve one
Person-Centered Approach
Focuses students education plan around the unique characteristics and interests of the students
Authentic Assessment
Ongoing assessment process that occurs within the students natural environment and includes observation of a students performance as well as the necessary supports for the students
Functional Ecological Assessment
Type of authentic assessment that provides a means of organizing information from written observation notes or video or digital recordings; analyzes environment versus natural responses
Supported Employment
assisting adults with disabilities to obtain jobs in the competitive market and provuding them with the necessary physical, instructional and social support to ensure success for the employee and satisfaction for the employment
Natural Employment
having people teach others and help them in the job field
Inegrated Related Service Delivery
Specialists bring their related services to the classroom and teach directly to the student